Paul S. Manos

Professor in the Department of Biology

330 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
Box 90338, Durham, NC 27708-0338
(919) 660-7358
My research emphasizes woody plants, especially the systematics of Fagaceae (the oak family), Juglandaceae (the walnut family), and related wind-pollinated families of flowering plants (Fagales). Our lab uses DNA sequences to generate hypotheses of phylogenetic relationship for inferring morphological character evolution, analyzing patterns of biogeography, and testing species concepts. Students and postdocs have studied the systematics and diversification of the following angiosperm families: Acanthaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Zingiberaceae, Rhamnaceae, Montiaceae, Humiriaceae, Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae, Piperaceae, and Dilleniaceae. Current research interests involve a range of evolutionary and ecological questions within the Fagaceae. For example, we have reinterpreted cupule evolution in the Fagaceae and calibrated the phylogeny for the American clades of Quercus. Ongoing collaborations with Andrew Hipp, John McVay, Andy Crowl, Antonio González-Rodríguez, and Jeannine Cavender-Bares seek to integrate phylogenetic data with phenotypic traits and functional genes to explain species distributions and to better understand the adaptive nature of introgression in the oaks. Other research interests include the phylogeography of eastern North American woody plants and the development of a research network for the southeastern flora.


  • Ph.D., Cornell University 1992

  • M.S., Rutgers University 1986

  • B.A., Drew University 1982

Manos, Paul S., Pamela S. Soltis, Douglas E. Soltis, Steven R. Manchester, Sang-Hun Oh, Charles D. Bell, David L. Dilcher, and Donald E. Stone. “Phylogeny of extant and fossil Juglandaceae inferred from the integration of molecular and morphological data sets.Systematic Biology 56, no. 3 (June 2007): 412–30. Full Text

Douglas, N. A., and P. S. Manos. “Nyctaginaceae phylogeny, classification, and characters associated with a radiation of xerophytic genera in North America.” American Journal of Botany 94 (2007): 856–72.

Soltis, Douglas E., Ashley B. Morris, Jason S. McLachlan, Paul S. Manos, and Pamela S. Soltis. “Comparative phylogeography of unglaciated eastern North America.Molecular Ecology 15, no. 14 (December 2006): 4261–93. Full Text

Feng, Y., S. H. Oh, and P. S. Manos. “Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the genus Platanus as inferred from nuclear and chloroplast DNA.” Systematic Botany 30, no. 4 (October 1, 2005): 786–99. Full Text

Devos, Nicolas, Sang-Hun Oh, Olivier Raspé, Anne-Laure Jacquemart, and Paul S. Manos. “Nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence variation and evolution of spotted marsh-orchids (Dactylorhiza maculata group).Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36, no. 3 (September 2005): 568–80. Full Text

Whitson, M., and P. S. Manos. “Untangling Physalis (Solanaceae) from the physaloids: A two-gene phylogeny of the physalinae.” Systematic Botany 30, no. 1 (January 1, 2005): 216–30. Full Text

McLachlan, J. S., J. S. Clark, and P. S. Manos. “Molecular indicators of tree migration capacity under rapid climate change.” Ecology 86, no. 8 (January 1, 2005): 2088–98. Full Text

Miller, Richard E., J Andrew McDonald, and Paul S. Manos. “Systematics of Ipomoea subgenus Quamoclit (Convolvulaceae) based on ITS sequence data and a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis.American Journal of Botany 91, no. 8 (August 2004): 1208–18. Full Text