Clifford W. Cunningham

Professor of Biology

227 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
Box 90338, Biology Department, Durham, NC 27708-0338
(919) 660-7356


  • Ph.D., Yale University 1991

  • B.S., Yale University 1983

Huelsenbeck, J. P., D. L. Swofford, C. W. Cunningham, P. Bull, and P. J. Waddell. “Is character weighting a panacea for the problem of data heterogeneity in phylogenetic analysis?Systematic Biology 43, no. 2 (January 1, 1994): 288–91. Full Text

Lessios, H. A., and C. W. Cunningham. “The evolution of gametic incompatibility in neotropical Echinometra: A reply to McClary.” Evolution 47, no. 6 (December 1, 1993): 1883–85.

Bull, J. J., C. W. Cunningham, I. J. Molineux, M. R. Badgett, and D. M. Hillis. “Experimental molecular evolution of bacteriophage-t7.” Evolution 47, no. 4 (August 1993): 993–1007.

Cunningham, C. W., and L. W. Buss. “Molecular evidence for multiple episodes of paedomorphosis in the family Hydractiniidae.” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 21, no. 1 (January 1, 1993): 57–69. Full Text

Bull, J. J., J. P. Huelsenbeck, D. L. Swofford, C. W. Cunningham, and P. J. Waddell. “Partitioning and combining data in phylogenetic analysis.” Systematic Biology 42, no. 3 (January 1, 1993): 384–97. Full Text

Bridge, D., C. W. Cunningham, B. Schierwater, R. DeSalle, and L. W. Buss. “Class-level relationships in the phylum Cnidaria: evidence from mitochondrial genome structure.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 89, no. 18 (September 1992): 8750–53. Full Text

Cunningham, C. W., N. W. Blackstone, and L. W. Buss. “Evolution of king crabs from hermit crab ancestors.Nature 355, no. 6360 (February 1992): 539–42. Full Text

Cunningham, C. W., L. W. Buss, and C. Anderson. “Molecular and geologic evidence of shared history between hermit crabs and the symbiotic genus Hydractinia.” Evolution 45, no. 6 (January 1, 1991): 1301–16.

Lessios, H. A., and C. W. Cunningham. “Gametic incompatibility between species of the sea urchin Echinometra on the two sides of the Isthmus of Panama.” Evolution 44, no. 4 (January 1, 1990): 933–41.

Yund, P. O., C. W. Cunningham, and L. W. Buss. “Recruitment and postrecruitment interactions in a colonial hydroid.Ecology 68, no. 4 (January 1, 1987): 971–82. Full Text