Clifford W. Cunningham

Professor of Biology

227 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
Box 90338, Biology Department, Durham, NC 27708-0338
(919) 660-7356


  • Ph.D., Yale University 1991

  • B.S., Yale University 1983

Riginos, C., and C. W. Cunningham. “Invited Review: Local adaptation and species segregation in two mussel (Mytilus edulis X Mytilus trossulus) hybrid zones.” Molecular Ecology 14, no. 2 (February 2005): 381–400.

Hickerson, Michael J., and Clifford W. Cunningham. “Contrasting quaternary histories in an ecologically divergent sister pair of low-dispersing intertidal fish (Xiphister) revealed by multilocus DNA analysis.Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 59, no. 2 (February 2005): 344–60. Full Text

Govindarajan, A. F., K. M. Halanych, and C. W. Cunningham. “Mitochondrial evolution and phylogeography in the hydrozoan Obelia geniculata (Cnidaria).” Marine Biology 146, no. 2 (January 1, 2005): 213–22. Full Text

Cunningham, C. “The right time for synthesis in evolutionary biology.” Bioscience 55, no. 2 (January 1, 2005): 99.[0099:TRTFSI]2.0.CO;2. Full Text

Riginos, Cynthia, Michael J. Hickerson, Christine M. Henzler, and Clifford W. Cunningham. “Differential patterns of male and female mtDNA exchange across the Atlantic Ocean in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis.Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 58, no. 11 (November 2004): 2438–51. Full Text

Wares, J. P., D. S. Goldwater, B. Y. Kong, and C. W. Cunningham. “Refuting a controversial case of a human-mediated marine species introduction.” Ecology Letters 5, no. 4 (August 10, 2002): 577–84. Full Text

Hahn, Matthew W., Mark D. Rausher, and Clifford W. Cunningham. “Distinguishing between selection and population expansion in an experimental lineage of bacteriophage T7.Genetics 161, no. 1 (May 2002): 11–20.