Concentrations

Approximately 20% of Biology Majors will elect to complete the requirements for one of 12 optional areas of concentration. The areas of concentration serve as advising tools, guiding students to more narrowly focus their course selection around classes most relevant to a specific sub-discipline of the Biological Sciences. Completion of concentration requirements are will be noted on your transcript at graduation.

Anatomy, Physiology & Biomechanics

The study of the structure and function of organisms is central to our understanding of biology. The traditional disciplines of anatomy and physiology serve as the hub of modern integrative biology, with engagement in cell & molecular biology, evolutionary biology, behavior and ecology. The study of biomechanics also integrates an understanding of physics and engineering, particularly dynamics and statics, as it applies to the problems of organismal structure and function.

Students intending to attend graduate school are strongly encouraged to undertake an extended research project (multiple semesters) in the area of anatomy, physiology or biomechanics.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Anatomy, Physiology and Biomechanics will receive a note on their official transcript certifying successful completion of the concentration.

Area Advisors

Area Advisors Area Faculty

Dr. Kathleen Smith, Department of Biology
phone: (919) 684-3402 or (919) 684-8325, email: kksmith@duke.edu

Dr. Sönke Johnsen, Department of Biology
phone: (919) 660-7321, email: sjohnsen@duke.edu

Dr. Sheila Patek, Department of Biology
phone:919-613-8306 , email: sheila.patek@duke.edu

Biology: Sönke Johnsen, Dan Kiehart, Fred Nijhout, Steve Nowicki, Sheila Patek, Dan Rittschof, Louise Roth, Kathleen Smith and Anne Yoder

Evolutionary Anthropology: Richard Kay, Daniel Schmidt, Christine Wall, Blythe Williams

 

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM201DL Organic Chemistry
 

NOTE: CHEM 210DL and CHEM 202L are recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II
  • MATH 105L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I
  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 102 Introductory Biostatistics OR STA 101 (Data Analysis/Statistical Inference) or above OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)
  •  MATH 106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions II

Physics

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)
  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 courses)

The following courses are required for students pursuing both the B.S. and B.A. biology credentials.

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Electives (5 courses)

A maximum of 2 independent studies or tutorials may count toward the major. A maximum of 2 alternate electives may count toward the major.

Anatomy, Physiology, & Biomechanics Area Course Requirements

From among the 8 courses taken for the Biology area requirements and electives, at least 4 courses must taken from the following list.
One of the 4 courses must be at the Capstone/400-level or above and be listed or cross-listed in Biology. This may include a second semester of independent study in a project approved by the area advisor (max of 1 Ind Study can count towards the 4 courses).

Lab Experience Requirement

Through the area menu and elective courses, you must take at least 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. Courses must be at the 200 level or above. A maximum of 1 independent study may count as a lab course.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course from the list of courses above approved for the concentration. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Animal Behavior

The goal of this program is to provide an integrated approach to understanding animal behavior. Program objectives include an understanding of behavior from psychological, physical, evolutionary, and biological approaches. The faculty of the Departments of Biology, Psychology, and Biological Anthropology and Anatomy provide the opportunity for concentrating on a topic which has become too diverse for one perspective or discipline.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Animal Behavior will receive a note on their official transcript certifying successful completion of the Area of Concentration.

Area Advisors

Area Advisors Area Faculty

Dr. Peter Klopfer, Department of Biology
phone: 684-3991 e-mail: phk@acpub.duke.edu

Dr. Susan Alberts, Department of Biology
phone: 660-7272 e-mail: alberts@duke.edu

Alberts, C. Drea, K. Erickson, Glander, P. Holland, Klopfer, Nowicki, Pope, Staddon

 

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit

AND

  • CHEM201DL Organic Chemistry

NOTE: CHEM 210DL and CHEM 202L are recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II

AND

  • STA 102 Introductory Biostatistics OR
  • STA 101 (Data Analysis/Statistical Inference) or above OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot double count as an elective)

Physics

  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 Courses)

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Electives (5 Courses)

  • At least 3 of the 5 elective courses must be from the list below.
  • At least 3 elective courses must be listed or cross-listed in Biology at the 200-level or above
  • A max of 2 may be from the approved alternate electives list
Courses Courses
BIOLOGY 205 Marine Megafauna BIOLOGY 490S / 590S Special Topics (as approved by concentration area advisor)
BIOLOGY 224/PSY 275 Fundamentals of Neuroscience (B) BIOLOGY 546S Biology of Mammals
BIOLOGY 267 Behavioral Ecology BIOLOGY 559S Foundations of Behavioral Ecology
BIOLOGY 278LA Physiology of Marine Animals EVANTH 246 Sociobiology
BIOLOGY 293 / 493 Research Independent Study, as approved by area advisor EVANTH 334L Primate Field Biology
BIOLOGY 321D Primate Sexuality EVANTH 554L Methods in Primate Field Ecology
BIOLOGY 373LA Sensory Physiology and Behavior of Marine Animals  
BIOLOGY 376A Marine Mammals  

 

Lab Experience Requirement

Through your area menu and elective courses, you must take at least 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. Courses must be at the 200 level or above. A maximum of 1 independent study may count as a lab course.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Biochemistry

A concentration in biochemistry is available both within the chemistry major and the biology major. The inclusion of additional analytical background in chemisty and biochemistry is valuable preparation for students planning graduate studies in biochemisty and molecular biology, as well as for those planning professional studies in the health sciences.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Biochemistry will receive a note on their official transcript certifying successful completion of the requirements.

Area Advisor

Area Advisor Dr. Tai-ping Sun , Department of Biology
phone: 613-8166 e-mail: tps@duke.edu
 
 

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in Context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit

AND

  • CHEM 201DL Organic Chemistry
  • CHEM 210DL Modern Applications of Chemical Principles
  • CHEM 202L Organic Chemistry
  • CHEM 301 Physical Chemistry

Math

  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II

AND

  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122L Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 101 or higher or BIO 304 (cannot double count BIO 204 as an elective)

Physics

  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)

AND

  • PHYSICS 142L General Physics II or PHYSICS 26 (AP Credit)

Biology Major Requirements (10 Courses)

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Biochemistry Concentration Electives (5 Courses)

  • BIOLOGY 416L (formerly 214L) Experimental Molecular Biology or BIOLOGY 414LS Experiments in Developmental and Molecular Genetics
  • BIOLOGY 293 or 493, Research Independent Study, or equivalent (ex. BIOCHEM 393/593)
    Independent study should include biochemical approaches and needs approval of the concentration area advisor
  • BCH 301 Introductory Biochemistry I
  • BCH 302 Introductory Biochemistry II
  • 1 Biology Elective or approved alternative elective course. (All biology courses numbered between 204-699 are acceptable as elective courses for the major.)

Lab Experience Requirement

Students are required to take 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. For the Biochemistry Concentration Area, this requirement is fulfilled by Research Independent Study and BIO 416L (214L) or BIO 414LS

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Cell & Molecular Biology

Rapid advances in biology have had a major impact on our society. From the production of new drugs, to revolutionary advances in our understanding of how cells work, the areas of cell and molecular biology have contributed to our lives in a number of ways. Training in these areas is essential for careers in medicine, pharmacology, biochemistry, virology, immunology, developmental biology, and in a number of the high-tech industries. From agriculture to the space program, fundamental information from these areas has had enormous impact on the changes that have occurred in our generation.

Because of the importance of these areas of biology to many aspects of modern society there is great demand for coursework at colleges and universities in these subjects. At Duke, the majority of the science majors are aiming toward graduate or professional school. A growing number of these students are interested in training for research in biochemistry and molecular biology.

Because of its important role in today's biology, faculty in biology have designed an concentration in cell and molecular biology. Faculty in Biological Sciences and in the Basic Sciences of the Medical School also support this major. Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Cell and Molecular Biology will receive a note on their official transcript.

Area Advisors

Area Advisors Area Faculty

Dr. David McClay , Department of Biology, Developmental, Cell & Molecular Biology Group
phone: 613-8188 e-mail: dmcclay@duke.edu

Dr. David Sherwood, Department of Biology, Developmental, Cell & Molecular Biology Group
phone: 613-8192 e-mail: david.sherwood@duke.edu

Armaleo, Bejsovec, Benfey, Dong, Haase, Kiehart, McClay, Pei, D. Sherwood, N.T. Sherwood, Sun

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in Context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit

AND

  • CHEM 201DL Organic Chemistry
  • CHEM 202L Organic Chemistry

NOTE: CHEM 210DL is also recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II

AND

  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122L Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 102 Introductory Biostatistics OR STA 101 or above OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot be double counted as an elective)

Physics

  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is also recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 Courses)

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Cell & Molecular Concentration Electives (5 Courses)

Lab Experience Requirement

Students are required to take 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. For the Cell & Molecular Concentration Area, this requirement is fulfilled by taking either BIOLOGY 414LS or BIO 416L (214L) and a semester of Research Independent Study.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Ecology

Ecology is the scientific study of the distribution and abundance of organisms, the interaction among organisms, and the interactions between organisms and their abiotic environment. Ecologists try to understand the inner workings of natural ecosystems and the species they contain. In fact, the ecology faculty at Duke University span the complete range of ecological inquiry, from individual organisms to populations and communities of interacting species to ecosystems to the entire biosphere.

Ecological principles also play a major role in generating solutions to problems of applied interest, such as the use of predatory insects as agent of biological control, the dynamics of disease in human and other populations, the preservation of biodiversity in the face of anthropogenic changes, the fate of pollutants in natural and artificial ecosystems, and the effects of fossil fuel use on the global climate. As a result, undergraduate Biology majors need a thorough grounding in ecology not only to pursue graduate study in academic ecology, but also as preparation for careers in applied fields such as environmental management,ecotoxicology, environmental law, conservation biology, and ecological agriculture. The undergraduate concentration in ecology has been designed to give students the entry-level qualifications for further study in basic and applied aspects of ecology.

Research areas and course offerings include tropical, temperate, and boreal forests, deserts and grasslands, and arctic biomes. They explore not only how populations, communities and ecoystems presently function but also how they may respond to changes in the future. As a result, students concentrating in ecology have a wide array of independent study, tutorial, seminar and research opportunities from which to choose.

Area Advisors

Area Advisors Area Faculty

Dr. Justin Wright, Department of Biology
Phone: 613-8096 e-mail: justin.wright@duke.edu

Dr. William Wilson, Department of Biology
Phone: 660-7346 e-mail: wgw@duke.edu

Susan Alberts, Emily Bernhardt, James Clark, Cliff Cunningham, Katia Koelle, Diana Nemergut, Stephen Nowicki, Thomas Mitchell-Olds, Mark Rausher, Chantal Reid, Daniel Ritschoff, William Wilson, Justin Wright

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM201DL Organic Chemistry
 

NOTE: CHEM 210DL and CHEM 202L are also recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II
  • MATH 105L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I
  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 101 or higher OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot be double counted as an elective)
  • MATH 106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions II

Physics

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)
  • No physics required.

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 Courses)

The following courses are required for students pursuing both the B.S. and B.A. biology credentials.

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Electives (5 courses)

At least 3 electives must be courses listed or cross-listed in Biology at the 200-level or above. A maximum of 2 approved alternate electives in the biological sciences may be counted toward the major. A maximum of 2 independent studies or tutorials may count toward the major.

  • 1 biology elective course of your choosing
  • 2 biology elective or approved alternate elective courses
  • 2 courses selected from the Ecology course listings. You cannot double count the course taken to fulfill the Biology Area requirement above. You may count an independent study taken with an area faculty member, or with approval from the concentration area advisor.

Lab Experience Requirement

Through your area and elective courses, you must take at least 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. Courses must be at the 200 level or above. A maximum of 1 independent study may count as a lab course.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Evolutionary Biology

All organisms on earth seem to share a common ancestry, and to some extent their evolution has been governed by a common set of principles. Thus evolutionary biology is both central and unifying for all of biology.

The evolutionary biology area of concentration provides the basic core knowledge for beginning graduate studies in evolutionary ecology, evolutionary developmental biology, evolution of behavior, evolutionary psychology, systematics, paleobiology, molecular evolution, evolutionary genetics, philosophy of biology, and both micro- and macroevolutionary studies generally.

Duke University has a diverse and internationally acclaimed faculty of evolutionary biologists, offering a wide range of courses, independent studies, and research opportunities. Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Evolutionary Biology will receive a note on their official transcripts.

Area Advisor

Area Advisors Area Faculty
Dr. Dan McShea , Department of Biology
Phone:  919-660-7342 or e-mail: dmcshea@duke.edu

Susan Alberts, Robert Brandon, Sherryl Broverman, Cliff Cunningham, Francois Lutzoni, Paul Manos, Paul Magwene, Dan McShea, John Mercer, Tom Mitchell-Olds, Fred Nijhout, Mohamed Noor, Stephen Nowicki, Kathleen Pryer, Mark Rausher,V. Louise Roth, Jon Shaw, Kathleen Smith, Marcy Uyenoyama, Rytas Vilgalys, John Willis, Gregory Wray, Anne Yoder

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM201DL Organic Chemistry
 

NOTE: CHEM 210DL and CHEM 202L are recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II
  • MATH 105L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I
  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 102 Biostatisctics OR STA 101 or higher OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)
  • MATH 106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions II

Physics

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)
  • No Physics Required

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 courses)

The following courses are required for students pursuing both the B.S. and B.A. biology credentials.

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Evolutionary Biology Concentration Area Electives (5 courses)

A maximum of 2 independent studies or tutorials may count toward the major. A maximum of 2 alternate electives may count toward the major.

Lab Experience Requirement

Through your area menu and electives courses, you must take at least 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. Courses must be at the 200 level or above. A maximum of 1 independent study may count as a lab course.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Genetics

The study of heredity and gene action is one of the most rapidly developing fields of biology. Genetics is essential to understanding all aspects of biology, and this field has driven many of the modern advances in medicine, agriculture, and the pharmaceutical industry. Analysis of genetic sequences has yielded deep insights into cellular and developmental processes, and is rapidly becoming a major tool in tracing evolutionary lineages and in reassessing biological classification. The goal of the Concentration in Genetics is to provide biology majors with an in-depth exposure to modern aspects of genetics, including research experience in a genetics laboratory.

The concentration in genetics provides a solid foundation for those planning careers in medicine, and there is a growing demand for geneticists in pure and applied research. Developments in biotechnology have shown the potential for using genetic techniques to synthesize complex proteins for medical and commercial use, for developing new drugs and chemotherapeutic agents for cancer and other diseases, for improving crop plants and animals, and for understanding and controlling pathogenic organisms, including fungi and bacteria. In addition, gene therapy that replaces defective genes with intact copies is becoming a medical reality. Many students are now choosing to combine their studies of genetics with related fields such as business or public policy, with a view to managerial positions in biotechnology fields, or positions in government or law.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Area of Concentration in Genetics will receive a note on their official transcript.

Area Advisor

Area Advisors Area Faculty

Dr. Amy Bejsovec, Department of Biology, Developmental, Cell & Molecular Biology Group
phone: 618-8162 e-mail: bejsovec@duke.edu

 

Molecular and Developmental Genetics:
Baugh, Bejsovec, Benfey, Bhandawat, Dong, Haase, Kiehart, Pei, D. Sherwood, N. Sherwood, Spana, Sun, Volkan

Population and Evolutionary Genetics:
Cunningham, Donohue, Magwene, Mitchell-Olds, Noor, Rausher, Uyenoyama, Vilgalys, Willis, Wray

 

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in Context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit

AND

  • CHEM 201DL Organic Chemistry
  • CHEM 202L Organic Chemistry

NOTE: CHEM 210DL is also recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II

AND

  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122L Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 101 Data Analy/Sta Infer or 102 Introductory Biostatistics OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)

Physics

  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)

AND

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is also recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 Courses)

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Genetics Concentration Electives (5 Courses)

Lab Experience Requirement

Students are required to take 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. For the Genetics Concentration Area, this requirement is fulfilled by taking BIO 214L or 414LS and Research Independent Study (BIO 293/493 or MGM 293.493, etc.)

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Genomics

Biology in the last two decades has been transformed by the emergence of genomics and its focus on comprehensive and data-intensive approaches to the study of living organisms. Formally, genomics is the scientific study of a genome, the complete DNA sequence of an individual, a population or a species.  More generally, the name is also used to refer to a series of related “-omics” that reflect the comprehensive study of the full complement of, for example, proteins (hence, proteomics), transcripts (transcriptomics) or metabolites (metabolomics).  The essential feature of the “-omes” is that they concentrate on the complete collection of genes, proteins, transcripts or metabolites, not just on the study of individual entities. It is this focus on comprehensive and high-throughput approaches to questions in biology that distinguishes this area of concentration.

The Genomics Concentration involves faculty in Biology, as well as others in departments in Arts & Sciences, Medicine, and Engineering, who are committed to welcoming undergraduate Biology majors into their research programs.  The Genomics Concentration encourages students to take basic and advanced level courses covering the experimental and computational approaches that define this field and emphasizes applying this knowledge to ongoing research projects in biology through Independent Study.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Area of Concentration in Genomics will receive a note on their official transcript certifying successful completion of the Area of Concentration.

Area advisor

Area Advisors Area Faculty

Dr. Greg Wray, Professor, Department of Biology, and Director, Center for Genomic & Computational Biology
Phone: 684-6696, e-mail: gwray@duke.edu

Baugh, Benfey, Buchler, Haase, Magwene, Mitchell-Olds, Noor, Schmid, Willis, Wray, Crawford, Dietrich, Reddy, Wernegreen and others by arrangement

 

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM201DL Organic Chemistry
 

NOTE: CHEM 210DL and CHEM 202L are recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II
  • MATH 105L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I
  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 102 Biostatistics OR STA 101 or above OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)
  •  MATH 106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions II

Physics

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)
  • No Physics required

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 courses)

The following courses are required for students pursuing both the B.S. and B.A. biology credentials.

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Genomics Concentration Area Electives (5 courses)

A maximum of 2 independent studies or tutorials may count toward the major. A maximum of 2 alternate electives may count toward the major.

Lab Experience Requirement

Through your electives, you must take at least 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. For the genomics concentration, this requirement is fulfilled by taking BIOLOGY 293 Research Independent Study, and 1 additional lab course elective at the 200 level or above.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Marine Biology

Marine biology is not a separate discipline in biology. It is the application of different specialties in biology to the study of the particular organisms which live in the marine environment. It requires an understanding of the unique characteristics of the sea and its inhabitants and the particular adaptations and special relationships of those organisms to that environment. Biology 157, Dynamic Oceans, is suggested as an entry level course, but is not required and won't count towards a Biology major. Students concentrating in marine biology are required to take four (4) course credits at the Duke University Marine Laboratory (not including Physics). Selection of the courses depends upon student interests and one of the courses may be an independent study.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Marine Biology will receive a note on their official transcript.

Area Advisor

Area Advisor Area Faculty
Dr. Dan Rittschof , Department of Biology, Duke University Marine Lab, Beaufort, NC
phone: 252-504-7634 e-mail: ritt@duke.edu
Diaz, Forward, Hunt, Kirby-Smith, Johnson, Johnston, Nowacek, Read, Rittschof, Schultz, Silliman, Van Dover
Note: These faculty all are in residence at the Duke Marine Lab in Beaufort, NC, appx 180 miles from the main campus in Durham.

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM201DL Organic Chemistry
 

NOTE: CHEM 210DL and CHEM 202L are recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II
  • MATH 105L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I
  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 101 or above OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)
  •  MATH 106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions II

Physics

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)
  • No physics required

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 courses)

The following courses are required for students pursuing both the B.S. and B.A. biology credentials.

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Electives (5 courses)

  • At least 3 courses must be listed or cross listed in Biology at the 200-level or above.
  • A maximum of 2 independent studies or tutorials may count toward the major.
  • A maximum of 2 approved alternate elective courses may count toward the major.

From the 10 courses required for the major, at least (4) course credits must be courses taken from this list at the Duke Marine Laboratory:

Lab Experience Requirement

From the area and elective courses, you must take at least 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. Courses must be at the 200 level or above. No more than one independent study course may count towards the lab experience requirement.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Neurobiology

The study of the relations between brain and behavior is one of the most exciting frontiers in biology. The neuroscience concentration within the biology major encourages students to take courses covering the cellular and subcellular levels (molecular and genetic properties, cell and membrane physiology, neurochemistry), systemic levels (neuroanatomy, sensory and reflex function, brain disorders), and integrative levels (memory, behavioral genetics, evolution of brain and behavior). 

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Neurobiology will receive a note on their official transcript. Also available is an undergraduate major in Neuroscience.

Area Advisor

Area Advisor Area Faculty
Dr. Nina Sherwood, 369 Carl Building
email: ntangs@duke.edu
phone: 919-684-8658
Duke Institute for Brain Sciences: http://www.dibs.duke.edu/education/undergraduate-neuroscience/people. Approval by the area advisor is required for Independent Studies.

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in Context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit

AND

  • CHEM 201DL Organic Chemistry

NOTE: CHEM 202L and CHEM 210DL are also recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II

AND

  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122L Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 102 Biostatistics OR STA 101 or above OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)

Physics

  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)

AND

  • PHYSICS 142L General Physics II OR PHYSICS 26 (AP credit)

Biology Major Requirements (10 Courses)

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Neurobiology Concentration Electives (6 Courses)

Lab Experience Requirement

From among the area and elective courses, you must complete 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. Courses must be at the 200 level or above. A max of one independent study course may be used to fulfill this requirement.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Pharmacology

Pharmacology is more than the study of the mode of action of drugs. It is a science which uses the basic concepts of biology and chemistry to determine how drugs affect the organism; it gives a unique perspective in understanding how cells, organ systems, and organisms function. Unlike other basic science fields, pharmacology is a special field in which one can systematically investigate the mechanism for a biological event--from the molecular level to the whole animal. Pharmacology also allows us to study how biological systems fail to function, providing information on the etiology of disease. Pharmacologic research is essential for the development, testing and clinical use of drugs to treat disease.

The objective of pharmacology as an area of concentration for biology majors is to provide students with knowledge of the basic principles for the actions of drugs and toxic substances. In addition, it provides the opportunity to apply these principles in a research setting. Ultimately, an introduction of pharmacology to undergraduates will encourage interested students to consider graduate study in the field of pharmacology leading to a career in academic research or in the pharmaceutical industry.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Pharmacology will receive a note on their official transcript.

Area Advisor

Area Advisor Area Faculty
Dr. Rochelle D. Schwartz-Bloom, Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology
phone: 684-5181 e-mail: schwa001@duke.edu

Bahie Abou-Donia, Tso-Pang Yao, Cynthia Kuhn, Donald McDonnell, Victor Nader, Chris Newgard, Anne Marie Pendergast, Xiao Fang Wang, John York, Sally York, Daniel Lew, Sally Kornbluth, David MacAlpine, Anthony Means, Rob Weschler-Reya, Tannishta Reya, Timothy Haystead, Chris Counter, Gerry Blobe, Ed Levin, Dennis Thiele, Jeffrey Rathmell, Chris Kontos, Richard Whorton, Michael Ehlers, Debora Muoio, Vasanth Rao, Victoria Seewaldt, David Kirsch, David Goldstein

 

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in Context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit

AND

  • CHEM 201DL Organic Chemistry

NOTE: CHEM 202L and CHEM 210DL are also recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II

AND

  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122L Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 102 Biostats OR STA 101 above OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)

Physics

  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is also recommended for students interested in pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm.

Biology Major Requirements (10 Courses)

Gateway Courses

Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Pharmacology Concentration Electives (5 Courses)

  • BIOLOGY 224 Fundamentals of Neuroscience (B) OR BCH 301 Introduction to Biochemistry
  • PHARM 393 / 493 Research Independent Study with a concentration area faculty member or approval of the concentration area advisor
  • PHARM 394 / 494 Research Independent Study with a concentration area faculty member or approval of the concentration area advisor
  • PHARM 350 Pharmacology: Drug Actions and Reactions
  • PHARM 360 Drugs, Brain, and Behavior or PHARM 370S Pharmacogenoimcs and Personalized Medicine

Additional Courses of Interest (not required)

  • PHR 471S  Reward and Addiction
  • PHR 293/294   Research Independent Study in Science Education (Service Learning)
  • PHR 533  Essentials of Pharmacology & Toxicology (permission only)
  • PHR 534  Interdisciplinary Approach to Pharmacology (prereq PHR 350)
  • PHR 535  Interdisciplinary Approach to Pharmacology II (prereq PHR 350)
  • PHR 554  Mammalian Toxicology

Lab Experience Requirement

Students are required to take 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. For the Pharmacology Concentration, this requirement is fulfilled by taking PHARM 493 and BIOLOGY 329L.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.

Plant Biology

Pressures of development, particularly in tropical countries, are causing an alarming increase in the rate of species extinction, making the current resurgence in systematics especially timely. Given the reasonable estimate that systematists have only discovered and named perhaps 10% of the species on earth, and the fact that only a tiny fraction of those species have been studied in any detail, there is much work to be done in a short time. Many species will go extinct before we even know them; it is no wonder that systematists feel as though they are watching a huge, diverse library burn down before a card catalog has been prepared (or before anyone has read even 1% of the books!). Newly developed methods for data gathering and analysis of phylogenetic relationships position us on the threshold of a deep understanding of the history of the biological world. Loss of biological diversity is thus a disaster, both from an economic standpoint (How many organisms useful for food, medicine, or technology will go extinct?) and from a broader intellectual standpoint (How did the diversity of species come to be the way it is?).

Systematists must have technical skills to extract information at all levels of inquiry (e.g., morphology, cytology, genetics, DNA sequences, organic chemistry, anatomy, ecology) and the theoretical background to interpret it correctly. Modern biological systematics integrates a diverse array of disciplines ranging from molecular, cell and developmental biology, to ecology and evolutionary biology. Data-gathering techniques include DNA sequencing, protein electrophoresis, electron and light microscopy, controlled growth experiments, and field studies of ecology and distribution. Analytical methods are computer intensive: hardware such as digitizing tablets and video cameras are used for automated description of morphology (morphometrics), multivariate statistics are used to describe and compare species and other taxa, numerical cladistic programs are used for phylogeny reconstruction.

Specialists are needed in all groups of plants, flowering plants as well as the less heavily studied algae, mosses, ferns and fungi (including lichens). This concentration is appropriate for students planning graduate studies in these areas. More immediate employment possibilities are in the National Park Service, state and natural heritage and endangered plant programs, private consulting firms, conservation organizations, botanic gardens, and herbaria. Systematic biology is a good way to indulge urges to travel, do science, and contribute to society, all at the same time.

Students fulfilling the requirements of the Concentration in Plant Biology will receive a note on their official transcript.

Area Advisor

Area Advisore Area Faculty
Dr. Paul Manos, Department of Biology
phone: 660-7358 e-mail: pmanos@duke.edu

Benfey, Bernhardt, Chen, Dong, Donohue, Lutzoni, Manos, Mitchell-Olds, Pei, Pryer, Rausher, Shaw, Sun, Vilgalys, Willis, Wright

 

 

Pre/Corequisites

Chemistry

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM 101DL Core Concepts in Chemistry OR
  • CHEM 110DL Honors Chemistry: Core Concepts in context OR
  • CHEM 21 General Chemistry Credit
  • CHEM201DL Organic Chemistry
 

NOTE: CHEM 210DL and CHEM 202L are recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Math

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • MATH 111L Laboratory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 121 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • MATH 21 Introductory Calculus I OR
  • BOTH MATH 105L/106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I and II
  • MATH 105L Laboratory Calculus and Functions I
  • MATH 112L Laboratory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 122 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • MATH 22 Introductory Calculus II OR
  • STA 102 Biostatistics OR STA 101 or higher OR
  • BIOLOGY 304 Biological Data Analysis (cannot also count as an elective)
  •  MATH 106L Laboratory Calculus and Functions II

Physics

For B.S. Degree For B.A. Degree
  • PHYSICS 141L General Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 151L Introductory Mechanics OR
  • PHYSICS 161L Introductory Experimental Physics I OR
  • PHYSICS 25 (AP credit)
  • No physics required.

NOTE: PHYSICS 142L is recommended for pre-med, pre-vet, biochem and pharm students.

Biology Major Requirements (10 courses)

The following courses are required for students pursuing both the B.S. and B.A. biology credentials.

Gateway Courses

Plant Biology Area Requirements

Select 1 course from EACH of the following three areas. Courses listed in more than one area may only be used to meet one area requirement.

Electives (5 courses)

A maximum of 2 independent studies or tutorials may count toward the major. A maximum of 2 alternate electives may count toward the major.

Lab Experience Requirement

Through your area and elective courses, you must take at least 2 full lab courses in addition to the gateway courses BIOLOGY 201L/202L. Courses must be at the 200 level or above. A maximum of 1 independent study may count as a lab course.

Capstone Course Requirement

You must take at least 1 full 400-level or higher biology 'Capstone' course or other approved capstone course. Independent study can count towards this requirement if it is a second semester continuation.