Experimental Tropical Marine Ecology

Distribution and density of marine and semi-terrestrial tropical invertebrate populations; behavioral and mechanical adaptations to physical stress, competition, and predation using rapid empirical approaches and hypothesis testing. Offered only at Beaufort, with preparation for fieldwork before and analysis and presentation of projects after required one week intensive field experience on the coast of Panama. Consent of instructor required. Half course. 2 graduate units.


Evolutionary patterns and processes at and above the species level; species concepts, speciation, diversification, extinction, ontogeny and phylogeny, rates of evolution, and alternative explanations for adaptation and evolutionary trends. Prerequisite: Biology 202L or equivalent. Recommended: one course in plant or animal diversity and one course in evolution beyond 202L. One course. 3 graduate units.

Gene-Environment Interaction: Genes in an Ecological Context

Seminar on genotype-environment interaction. Topics include the evolution and adaptive value of environment-dependent phenotypes (phenotypic plasticity), ecological consequences of genotype-environment interaction, molecular mechanisms of phenotypic plasticity, and how genotype-environment interaction pertains to outstanding debates in evolutionary biology and genetics. Pre-requisites: Biology 202L. One course.