V. Louise Roth

Professor in the Department of Biology

Office: 
241 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
90325
Phone: 
(919) 660-7352
Fax: 
919-660-7293 [shared, departmental]

Research Interests: 

In addition to conceptual work on the biological bases of homology, variation, and parallel evolution, my research has focused on evolutionary changes in size and shape in mammals: the functional consequences of these changes, and the evolutionary modifications of ontogenetic processes that produce them. This work makes use of DNA sequences, morphometric data, and geographic distributions to study macroevolutionary changes within a phylogenetic context. Projects have included DNA sequence phylogenies of squirrels, experimental work on prenatal maternal effects on body size in large insular deermice, and morphometric studies of growth in elephants, dwarfism in an insular (Pleistocene) dwarf mammoth, and gigantism in insular deermice.

In addition to conceptual work on the biological bases of
homology, variation, and parallel evolution, my research has
focused on evolutionary changes in size and shape in mammals:
the functional consequences of these changes, and the
evolutionary modifications of ontogenetic processes that
produce them. This work makes use of DNA sequences,
morphometric data, and geographic distributions to study
macroevolutionary changes within a phylogenetic context.
Projects have included DNA sequence phylogenies of
squirrels, experimental work on prenatal
maternal effects on body size in large insular
deermice, and morphometric studies of growth in
elephants, dwarfism in an insular (Pleistocene) dwarf mammoth,
and gigantism in insular deermice.

Education

  • Ph.D. 1982, Yale University

  • M.Phil. 1978, Yale University

  • B.S. 1975, Brown University

Papers Published

A framework for detecting natural selection on traits above the species level, 3, 2016
Hoehn, KB; Harnik, PG; Roth, VL, Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 7 vol. (3); pp. 331-339

The impact of large terrestrial carnivores on Pleistocene ecosystems, 0, 2016
Van Valkenburgh, B; Hayward, MW; Ripple, WJ; Meloro, C; Roth, VL, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 113 vol. (4); pp. 862-867

Mainland size variation informs predictive models of exceptional insular body size change in rodents., 7, 2015
Durst, PA; Roth, VL, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences. 282 vol. (1810);

Themes and variation in sciurid evolution, 1, 2015
Louise Roth, V; Mercer, JM, pp. 221-245

Examining factors influencing body size change for insular rodents, 4, 2013
Durst, PA; Roth, VL, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 53 pp. E59-E59

Within and Between Organisms: Replicators, Lineages, and Homologues, 10, 2013
Roth, VL, pp. 301-337

Classification tree methods provide a multifactorial approach to predicting insular body size evolution in rodents., 4, 2012
Durst, PA; Roth, VL, American Naturalist. 179 vol. (4); pp. 545-553

Tempo of trophic evolution and its impact on mammalian diversification, 0, 2012
Price, SA; Hopkins, SSB; Smith, KK; Roth, VL, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA. 109 vol. (18); pp. 7008-7012

Noninvasive histological comparison of bone growth patterns among fossil and extant neonatal elephantids using synchrotron radiation X-ray microtomography, 0, 2012
Curtin, AJ; MacDowell, AA; Schaible, EG; Roth, VL, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32 vol. (4); pp. 939-955

Scaling and mechanics of carnivoran footpads reveal the principles of footpad design, 2010
Chi, K-J; Roth, VL, Journal of the Royal Society Interface. (2010) 7 vol. (49); pp. 1145-1155

Different functional mechanisms of foot-footpad complex for plantigrade and digitigrade mammals in the context of locomotion, 2, 2009
Chi, K-J; Schmitt, D; Roth, VL, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 49 pp. E32-E32

RNase 1 genes from the family Sciuridae define a novel rodent ribonuclease cluster, December, 2009
Siegel, SJ; Percopo, CM; Dyer, KD; Zhao, W; Roth, VL; Mercer, JM; Rosenberg, HF, Mammalian Genome. (December, 2009) 20 vol. (11-12); pp. 749-757

Differing rates of macroevolutionary diversification in arboreal squirrels, 0, 2008
Roth, VL; Mercer, JM, Current science. 95 vol. (7); pp. 857-861

The evolution of sexual size dimorphism in cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus, Leporidae), 0, 2008
Davis, CM; Roth, VL, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 95 vol. (1); pp. 141-156

Variation and versatility in macroevolution, 0, 2005
Roth, VL, pp. 455-474

Scaling of foot contact area and its mechanical implications for mammals of different foot postures, 2005
Chi, KJ; Roth, VL, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). (2005) 44 vol. (6); pp. 535-535

The effects of Cenozoic global change on squirrel phylogeny., 3, 2003
Mercer, JM; Roth, VL, Science. 299 vol. (5612); pp. 1568-1572

Character replication, 0, 2001
Roth, VL, pp. 81-107

Ecology and evolution of dwarfing in insular elephants, 0, 2001
Roth, VL, pp. 507-509

Pygmy mammoths Mammuthus exilis from Channel Islands National Park, California (USA), 0, 1999
Agenbroad, L; Morris, D; Roth, VL, Deinsea: Annual of the Natural History Museum Rotterdam. 6 pp. 89-102

Morphometrics in development and evolution., 0, 1999
Roth, VL, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 39 vol. (5); pp. 108A-108A

Scaling of the mandible in squirrels., 5, 1997
Velhagen, WA; Roth, VL, Journal of Morphology. 232 vol. (2); pp. 107-132

Homology and developmental genes, 11, 1997
Abouheif, E; Akam, M; Dickinson, WJ; Holland, PWH; Meyer, A; Patel, NH; Raff, RA; Roth, VL; Wray, GA, Trends in Genetics. 13 vol. (11); pp. 432-433

Coat color genetics of Peromyscus: V. California blonde, a new recessive mutation in the deer mouse., 9, 1996
Roth, VL; Dawson, WD, Journal of Heredity. 87 vol. (5); pp. 403-406

Origin and radiation of the Elephantidae, 0, 1996
Todd, NE; Roth, VL, pp. 193-202

Pleistocene dwarf elephants of the California Islands, 0, 1996
Roth, VL, pp. 249-253

Cranial integration in the sciuridae, 0, 1996
Roth, VL, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 36 vol. (1); pp. 14-23

Jaw muscles of New World squirrels., 6, 1995
Ball, SS; Roth, VL, Journal of Morphology. 224 vol. (3); pp. 265-291

Evolutionary Relationships Among the Scriurdae - Analysis of Cranial Characters in Tree, ground, and Flying Squirrels, 10, 1994
ROTH, V; DISHOP, M, Journal of Morphology. 222 vol. (1); pp. 111-111

Mammuthus primigenius remains from the Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, South Dakota, 0, 1994
Agenbroad, LD; Lister, AM; Mol, D; Roth, VL, pp. 269-281

Within and between organisms: Replicators, lineages, and homologues, 0, 1994
Roth, VL, pp. 310-337

On three-dimensional morphometrics, and on the identification of landmark points, 0, 1993
Roth, VL, pp. 41-61

Dwarfism and variability in the Santa Rosa island mammoth: An interspecific comparison of limb-bone sizes and shapes in elephants, 0, 1993
Roth, VL, pp. 433-442

Inferences from allometry and fossils: dwarfing of elephants on islands, 0, 1992
Roth, VL, Oxford surveys in evolutionary biology. Vol. 8. pp. 259-288

Quantitative variation in elephant dentitions: implications for the delimitation of fossil species, 0, 1992
Roth, VL, Paleobiology. 18 vol. (2); pp. 184-202

Homology and hierarchies: problems solved and unresolved, 1991
Roth, VL, Journal of Evolutionary Biology. (1991) 4 vol. (2); pp. 167-194

Insular dwarf elephants - a case study in body mass estimation and ecological inference, 0, 1990
Roth, VL, pp. 151-180

Fabricational noise in elephant dentitions, 0, 1989
Roth, VL, Paleobiology. 15 vol. (2); pp. 165-179

The biological basis of homology, 0, 1988
Roth, VL, pp. 1-26

Dental identification and age determination in Elephas maximus., 0, 1988
Roth, VL; Shoshani, J, Journal of Zoology. 214 pp. 567-588

Maternal effects on body size of large insular Peromyscus maniculatus: evidence from embryo transfer experiments., 0, 1986
Roth, VL; Klein, MS, Journal of Mammalogy. 67 pp. 37-45

On homology, 0, 1984
Roth, VL, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 22 vol. (1); pp. 13-29

Fossil mammoths from Santa Cruz Island, California, 0, 1984
Cushing, J; Daily, M; Noble, E; Roth, VL; Wenner, A, Quaternary Research. 21 vol. (3); pp. 376-384

How elephants grow: heterochrony and the calibration of developmental stages in some living and fossil species, 0, 1984
Roth, VL, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 4 pp. 126-145

Dwarf mammoths from the Santa Barbara, California Channel Islands: size, shape, development and evolution, 0, 1982
Roth, VL,

Relative brain size among African squirrels., 0, 1982
Roth, VL; Thorington, RW, Journal of Mammalogy. 63 pp. 168-173

Constancy in the size ratios of sympatric species., 0, 1981
Roth, VL, American Naturalist. 118 pp. 394-404

Can quantum leaps in body size be recognized among mammalian species?, 0, 1979
Roth, VL, Paleobiology. 5 pp. 318-336

Book Chapters:

Macroecology of animal body size in , 0, 2014
Roth, VL

Homology in , 0, 1999
Roth, VL

Homoplasy: the recurrence of similarity in evolution in , 1998
Roth, VL

Mammoths, mastodonts, and elephants: biology, behavior and the fossil record in , 1994
Roth, VL

On evolution and fossil mammals in , 1989
Roth, VL

Vertebrate Fetal Membranes. Comparative Ontogeny and Morphology; Evolution; Phylogenetic Significance; Basic Functions; Research Opportunities. Harland W. Mossman in , 1988
Roth, VL

The Sumatran Rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (1814) in The Gunung Leuser National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia; Its Distribution, Ecology, and Conservation in , 1987
Roth, VL

Published Abstracts

Non-invasive histological comparison of bone growth patterns among fossil and extant neonatal elephantids using synchrotron radiation X-ray microtomography in Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne) February, 2009
Curtin, AJ; MacDowell, AA; Schaible, EG; Roth, VL