Stephen Nowicki

Professor of Biology

Office: 
116 Allen Building, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
90024
Phone: 
(919) 684-6950, (919) 668-3420
Fax: 
(919) 681-8997

Lab Site: http://www.biology.duke.edu/nowicki/

Research Interests: 

The Nowicki Laboratory studies behavioral ecology and neuroethology, especially questions about the function, structure and evolution of animal signaling systems. Although birds serve as a common model system in the lab, Nowicki and his students have worked on a variety of organisms including invertebrates such as insects, spiders, shrimp and lobsters, and other vertebrates including lizards, dolphins and primates. Steve Nowicki’s long-time research associate (and wife) is Susan Peters. Their current work lies in three main areas. The first, done in collaboration with Bill Searcy (University of Miami), concerns the evolution of signal reliability. In the context of sexual signaling, this work has focused on how early developmental stress affects brain development and song learning in birds, thus making song a reliable signal of male quality in mate choice by females. In the context of aggressive signaling in males, recent work has examined how particular vocal and visual signaling behaviors reliably predict attacks in aggressive encounters, and how receiver-retaliation imposes a cost that maintains this reliability. A second main line of research, done in collaboration with Rich Mooney (Duke Medical School), uses the learning, development, and perception of birdsong as a model system to study brain mechanisms underlying communication. Here, recent work focuses on categorical perception of signal features, both how neurons in the bird’s brain exhibit categorical responses to salient signal features and how categorical perceptual boundaries vary geographically as a consequence of learning. A third research program, also in collaboration with Bill Searcy, examines the interplay between cognition and communication, with the goal of understanding how cognitive abilities necessary for song learning and signaling associate with phenotypic and genetic differences (notably degree of inbreeding) among individuals in a population and how these associations map onto fitness and mate choice in the wild.

Our lab studies animal communication and sexual selection from an integrative perspective that includes a wide range of behavioral ecological, neuroethological, developmental, genetic, and evolutionary approaches. Birds are our most common model system, but we also have worked with insects, spiders, shrimp, lobsters, lizards, and primates, including humans. The central question that drives our work is how information, in the broadest sense of that word, is used by organisms to maximize survival and reproductive success.

Education

  • Ph.D. 1984, Cornell University

  • M.S. 1978, Tufts University

  • B.S. 1976, Tufts University

Papers Published

Song learning and cognitive ability are not consistently related in a songbird., 3, 2017
Anderson, RC; Searcy, WA; Peters, S; Hughes, M; DuBois, AL; Nowicki, S, Animal Cognition. 20 vol. (2); pp. 309-320

A test for repertoire matching in eastern song sparrows, 3, 2016
DuBois, AL; Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Journal of Avian Biology. 47 vol. (2); pp. 146-152

Song as a signal of cognitive ability: effects of early developmental stress on problem solving and song learning in the zebra finch, 3, 2016
Anderson, RC; Sewall, KB; Peters, S; Soha, JA; Nowicki, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 56 pp. E6-E6

Overproduction and attrition: the fates of songs memorized during song learning in songbirds, 10, 2016
Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour.

How Voice Pitch Influences Our Choice of Leaders When candidates speak, their vocal characteristics-as well as their words-influence voters' attitudes toward them, 0, 2016
Klofstad, CA; Nowicki, S; Anderson, RC, American scientist. 104 vol. (5); pp. 282-287

Quiet threats: soft song as an aggressive signal in birds, 7, 2015
Akçay, Ç; Anderson, RC; Nowicki, S; Beecher, MD; Searcy, WA, Animal Behaviour. 105 pp. 267-274

Genetic diversity does not explain variation in extra-pair paternity in multiple populations of a songbird., 5, 2015
Liu, IA; Johndrow, JE; Abe, J; Lüpold, S; Yasukawa, K; Westneat, DF; Nowicki, S, Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 28 vol. (5); pp. 1156-1169

Social complexity as a driver of communication and cognition, 4, 2015
Sewall, KB; Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Nowicki, S; Roth, T, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 55 pp. E165-E165

Context-dependent categorical perception in a songbird., 2, 2015
Lachlan, RF; Nowicki, S, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA. 112 vol. (6); pp. 1892-1897

Perceptions of Competence, Strength, and Age Influence Voters to Select Leaders with Lower-Pitched Voices., 1, 2015
Klofstad, CA; Anderson, RC; Nowicki, S, PloS one. 10 vol. (8); pp. e0133779

Song-type sharing in a population of Song Sparrows in the eastern United States, 6, 2014
Searcy, WA; Sewall, KB; Soha, J; Nowicki, S; Peters, S, Journal of Field Ornithology. 85 vol. (2); pp. 206-212

Typical versions of learned swamp sparrow song types are more effective signals than are less typical versions., 6, 2014
Lachlan, RF; Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences. 281 vol. (1785); pp. 20140252

Typical versions of learned swamp sparrow song types are more effective signals than are less typical versions, 6, 2014
Lachlan, RF; Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences. 281 vol. (1785); pp. 20140252

Effects of early auditory experience on the development of local song preference in female swamp sparrows, 3, 2014
Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 68 vol. (3); pp. 437-447

Cognitive performance predicts strength of sexual preference in a songbird, 0, 2014
Anderson, RC; Nowicki, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 54 pp. E6-E6

Effects of early auditory experience on the development of local song preference in female swamp sparrows, 0, 2014
Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. pp. 1-11

A possible trade-off between song and a cognitive metric in song sparrows, 0, 2014
Sewall, KB; Soha, JA; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 54 pp. E190-E190

Male response to an aggressive visual signal, the wing wave display, in swamp sparrows, 4, 2013
Anderson, RC; DuBois, AL; Piech, DK; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 67 vol. (4); pp. 593-600

A test of a hierarchical signalling model in song sparrows, 0, 2013
Searcy, WA; DuBois, AL; Rivera-Cáceres, K; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. 86 vol. (2); pp. 309-315

The relationship between testosterone and aggressive phenotype in male song sparrows (Melospiza melodia), 4, 2012
Sewall, KB; Nowicki, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 52 pp. E326-E326

How reliable is song learning accuracy as a signal of male early condition?, 12, 2012
Lachlan, RF; Nowicki, S, American Naturalist. 180 vol. (6); pp. 751-761

Songbirds learn songs least degraded by environmental transmission., 10, 2012
Peters, S; Derryberry, EP; Nowicki, S, Biology Letters. 8 vol. (5); pp. 736-739

Receiver response to an aggressive visual signal, the wing-waving display, in swamp sparrows, 2013
Anderson, RC; Dubois, AL; Piech, DK; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (2013) 67 pp. 593–600

Potential trade-off between vocal ornamentation and spatial ability in a songbird, 2013
Sewall, K; Soha, J; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Biology Letters. (2013) 9 pp. 20130344

Limits to reliability in avian aggressive signals, 2013
Searcy, WA; Anderson, RC; Ballentine, B; Nowicki, S, Behaviour. (2013) 150 pp. 1129–1145

Can assessment of song learning accuracy be a reliable signaling system?, 0, 2012
Lachan, RF; Nowicki, S, American Naturalist. 180 vol. (6); pp. 751-761

The receiver-dependent cost of soft song: A signal of aggressive intent in songbirds, 0, 2012
Anderson, RC; Searcy, WA; Hughes, M; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. 83 vol. (6); pp. 1443-1448

Sensory constraints on birdsong syntax: Neural responses to swamp sparrow songs with accelerated trill rates, 0, 2012
Prather, JF; Peters, S; Mooney, R; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. 83 vol. (6); pp. 1411-1420

The relationship between behavioral syndromes and behavioral plasticity in male song sparrows, 3, 2011
Sewall, KB; Nowicki, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology (BioOne). 51 pp. E127-E127

Are better singers smarter?, 2011
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Behavioral Ecology. (2011) 22 vol. (1); pp. 10-11

Discrimination of vocal performance by male swamp sparrows, 2011
DuBois, AL; Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (2011) 65 vol. (4); pp. 717-726

Song repertoire size in male song sparrows correlates with detour reaching, but not with other cognitive measures, 2011
Boogert, NJ; Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. (2011) 81 vol. (6); pp. 1209-1216

Persistent representation of juvenile experience in the adult songbird brain., 8, 2010
Prather, JF; Peters, S; Nowicki, S; Mooney, R, The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 30 vol. (31); pp. 10586-10598

The evolution of animal communication: Reliability and deception in signaling systems, 0, 2010
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, The Evolution of Animal Communication: Reliability and Deception in Signaling Systems.

Sexual selection and the evolution of animal signals, 0, 2010
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. pp. 759-766

Female response to song reflects male developmental history in swamp sparrows, 0, 2010
Searcy, WA; Peters, S; Kipper, S; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 64 vol. (8); pp. 1343-1349

Latent representation of juvenile behaviors in the adult songbird brain, 2010
Prather, JF; Peters, S; Nowicki, S; Mooney, R, Journal of Neuroscience. (2010) 30 vol. (31); pp. 10586-10598

Female sparrows use song to assess male developmental history, 2010
Searcy, WA; Peters, S; Kipper, S; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (2010) 64 pp. 143-1349

Neural correlates of categorical perception in learned vocal communication., 2, 2009
Prather, JF; Nowicki, S; Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Mooney, R, Nature Neuroscience. 12 vol. (2); pp. 221-228

Consequences of brain development for sexual signalling in songbirds, 0, 2009
Searcy, W. A. & S. Nowicki,

Swamp sparrows modulate vocal performance in an aggressive context, 0, 2009
DuBois, AL; Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Biology Letters. 5 vol. (2); pp. 163-165

Neural correlates of categorical perception in learned vocal communication, 0, 2009
Prather, JF; Nowicki, S; Anderson, RC; Peters, S; Mooney, RA, Nature Neuroscience. 12 vol. (2); pp. 121-128

Precise auditory-vocal mirroring in neurons for learned vocal communication., 1, 2008
Prather, JF; Peters, S; Nowicki, S; Mooney, R, Nature. 451 vol. (7176); pp. 305-310

Soft song in song sparrows: Acoustic structure and implications for signal function, 2008
Anderson, RC; Searcy, WA; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Ethology. (2008) 114 vol. (7); pp. 662-676

Testing the function of song-matching in birds: Responses of eastern male song sparrows Melospiza melodia to partial song-matching, 0, 2008
Anderson, RC; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Behaviour. 145 vol. (3); pp. 347-363

Is bird song a reliable signal of aggressive intent? A reply, 0, 2008
Searcy, WA; Anderson, RC; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 62 vol. (7); pp. 1213-1216

Reliable aggressive signalling in swamp sparrows, 0, 2008
Ballentine, B; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. 75 vol. (2); pp. 693-703

Bird song and the problem of signal reliability, 0, 2008
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, American Scientist. 96 vol. (2); pp. 114-121

Bird song and the problem of honest communication, 0, 2008
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, American scientist. 96 vol. (2); pp. 114-121

Soft song in song sparrows: Response of males and females to an enigmatic signal, 2007
Anderson, RC; Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (2007) 61 vol. (8); pp. 1267-1274

Song type sharing and territory tenure in eastern song sparrows: implications for the evolution of song repertoires, 2007
Hughes, M; Anderson, RC; Searcy, WA; Bottensek, LM; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. (2007) 73 vol. (4); pp. 701-710

Bird song as a signal of aggressive intent, 0, 2006
Searcy, WA; Anderson, RC; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 60 vol. (2); pp. 234-241

Signal interception and the use of soft song in aggressive interactions, 0, 2006
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Ethology. 112 vol. (9); pp. 865-872

Adaptive priorities in brain development: theoretical comment on Pravosudov et al. (2005)., 10, 2005
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Behavioral Neuroscience. 119 vol. (5); pp. 1415-1418

Partial song matching in an eastern population of song sparrows, Melospiza melodia, 0, 2005
Anderson, RC; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. 69 vol. (1); pp. 189-196

Song and mate choice in birds: How the development of behavior helps us understand function, 0, 2005
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Auk. 122 vol. (1); pp. 1-14

Song function and the evolution of female preferences: why birds sing, why brains matter., 2004
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. (2004) 1016 pp. 704-723

Performance limits on birdsong, 10, 2004
Podos, J; Nowicki, S, pp. 318-342

Performance limits on birdsong production., 2004
Podos J and S Nowicki, (2004) pp. 318-341

Vocal performance influences female response to male bird song: An experimental test, 0, 2004
Ballentine, B; Hyman, J; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology. 15 vol. (1); pp. 163-168

Effects of early nutrition on growth rate and adult size in song sparrows Melospiza melodia, 0, 2004
Searcy, WA; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Journal of Avian Biology. 35 vol. (3); pp. 269-279

Calibration of song learning targets during vocal ontogeny in swamp sparrows, Melospiza georgiana, 2004
Podos, J; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. (2004) 68 vol. (4); pp. 929-940

Beaks, adaptation, and vocal evolution in Darwin's finches, 2004
Podos, J; Nowicki, S, BioScience. (2004) 54 vol. (6); pp. 501-510

Effects of early nutrition on growth rate and adult size in song sparrows., 2004
Searcy, ; WA, ; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Journal of Avian Biology. (2004) 35 vol. (3); pp. 269-279

Singing performance influences female response to male bird song: an experimental test., 2004
Ballentine, ; B, ; Hyman, J; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology. (2004) 15 vol. (1); pp. 163-168

Individual variation in the strength of territory defense in male song sparrows: Correlates of age, territory tenure, and neighbor aggressiveness, 2004
Hyman, J; Hughes, M; Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S, Behaviour. (2004) 141 vol. (1); pp. 15-27

Phonology and geographic song discrimination in song sparrows, 0, 2003
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S; Peters, S, Ethology. 109 vol. (1); pp. 23-35

Phonology and dialect discrimination in song sparrows (Melospiza melodia), 0, 2003
Searcy, ; WA, ; Nowicki, S; Peters, S, Ethology. 109 vol. (1); pp. 23-35

Quality of song learning affects female response to male bird song., 9, 2002
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA; Peters, S, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences. 269 vol. (1503); pp. 1949-1954

Brain development, song learning and mate choice in birds: a review and experimental test of the "nutritional stress hypothesis"., 12, 2002
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA; Peters, S, Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 188 vol. (11-12); pp. 1003-1014

Geographic song discrimination in relation to dispersal distances in song sparrows, 0, 2002
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S; Hughes, M; Peters, S, American Naturalist. 159 vol. (3); pp. 221-230

Individual variation in response to simulated territorial challenge among territory-holding song sparrows, 0, 2002
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA; Krueger, T; Hughes, M, Journal of Avian Biology. 33 vol. (3); pp. 253-259

Auditory representation of the vocal repertoire in a songbird with multiple song types., 10, 2001
Mooney, R; Hoese, W; Nowicki, S, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA. 98 vol. (22); pp. 12778-12783

The evolution of bird song: Male and female response to song innovation in swamp sparrows, 0, 2001
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA; Hughes, M; Podos, J, Animal Behaviour. 62 vol. (6); pp. 1189-1195

Using "the organism" as a conceptual focus in an introductory biology course, 0, 2001
Hoese, WJ; Nowicki, S, American Biology Teacher. 63 vol. (3); pp. 176-182

Vocal tract function in birdsong production: experimental manipulation of beak movements., 6, 2000
Hoese, WJ; Podos, J; Boetticher, NC; Nowicki, S, The Journal of experimental biology. 203 vol. (Pt 12); pp. 1845-1855

Nestling growth and song repertoire size in great reed warblers: evidence for song learning as an indicator mechanism in mate choice., 12, 2000
Nowicki, S; Hasselquist, D; Bensch, S; Peters, S, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences. 267 vol. (1460); pp. 2419-2424

Neural encoding of multiple song types in the swamp sparrow HVc., 12, 2000
Hoese, WJ; Mooney, R; Nowicki, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 40 vol. (6); pp. 1059-1060

Male-male competition and female choice in the evolution of vocal signaling, 0, 2000
Searcy WA and S Nowicki,

Song type variants and aggressive context, 0, 2000
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S; Hogan, C, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 48 vol. (5); pp. 358-363

Auditory encoding of multiple song types in the swamp sparrow, 2000
Hoese, WJ; Nowicki, S; Mooney, R, Soc. Neurosci. Abstracts. (2000) 26 pp. 2030

Song type variants and aggressive signaling, 0, 2000
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S; Hogan, C, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 48 pp. 358-363

Geographic variation in the organization of Song Sparrow repertoires, 0, 2000
Peters, S; Searcy, WA; Beecher, MD; Nowicki, S, Auk. 117 vol. (4); pp. 936-942

Mechanical limits and the evolution of vocalizations in birds, 0, 2000
Podos J and S Nowicki,

The development of within-song type variation in song sparrows., 6, 1999
Nowicki, S; Peters, S; Searcy, WA; Clayton, C, Animal Behaviour. 57 vol. (6); pp. 1257-1264

Permissiveness in vocal syntax learning in the swamp sparrow., 0, 1999
Podos, J; Nowicki, S; Peters, S, Anim. Behav.. 58 vol. (1); pp. 93-103

Song types as fundamental units in vocal repertoires, 0, 1999
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S; Peters, S, Animal Behaviour. 58 vol. (1); pp. 37-44

The development of song variation in song sparrows., 0, 1999
Nowicki, S; Peters, S; Searcy, WA; Clayton, C, Anim. Behav.. 57 vol. (6); pp. 1257-1264

Permissiveness in the learning and development of song syntax in swamp sparrows, 0, 1999
Podos, J; Nowicki, S; Peters, S, Animal Behaviour. 58 vol. (1); pp. 93-103

Sexual selection limits evolutionary innovation in birdsong., 0, 1999
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA; Hughes, M; Podos, J, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 39 vol. (5); pp. 112A-112A

Functions of song variation in song sparrows., 0, 1999
Searcy WA and S Nowicki,

Percussive foraging: Stimuli for prey location by aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis), 0, 1998
Erickson, CJ; Nowicki, S; Dollar, L; Goehring, N, International Journal of Primatology. 19 vol. (1); pp. 111-122

Call learning in black-capped chickadees (Parus atricapillus): The role of experience in the development of 'chick-a-dee' calls, 0, 1998
Hughes, M; Nowicki, S; Lohr, B, Ethology. 104 vol. (3); pp. 232-249

Song-type sharing in song sparrows: Implications for repertoire function and song learning, 0, 1998
Hughes, M; Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA; Peters, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 42 vol. (6); pp. 437-446

The territory defense function of song in song sparrows: A test with the speaker occupation design, 0, 1998
Nowicki, S; Searcy, WA; Huches, M, Behaviour. 135 vol. (5); pp. 615-628

Song learning, early nutrition and sexual selection in, 0, 1998
Nowicki, S; Peters, S; Podos, J, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 38 vol. (1); pp. 179-190

Birdsong: acoustics and physiology revisited., 0, 1998
Gaunt AS and S Nowicki,

The response of male and female song sparrows to geographic variation in song, 1997
Searcy, WA; Nowicki, S; Hughes, M, Condor. (1997) 99 vol. (3); pp. 651-657

Bird acoustics, 1997
S. Nowicki, (1997) pp. 1813-1817

Responses to songs with altered tonal quality by adult song sparrows (Melospiza melodia), 1996
Strote, J; Nowicki, S, Behvavior. (1996) 130 vol. (3-4); pp. 1-15

Development of tonal quality in birdsong: Further evidence from song sparrows, 1996
Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Ethology. (1996) 102 vol. (4); pp. 323-335

Responses to songs with altered tonal quality by adult song sparrows (melospiza melodia), 0, 1996
Strote, J; Nowicki, S, Behaviour. 133 vol. (3-4); pp. 161-172

Discrimination of song types and variants in song sparrows, 1995
Searcy, WA; Podos, J; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. (1995) 49 vol. (5); pp. 1219-1226

Ontogeny of vocal tract movements during song production in song sparrows, 1995
Podos, J; Sherer, JK; Peters, S; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. (1995) 50 vol. (5); pp. 1287-1296

THE ROLE OF PITCH CUES IN SONG RECOGNITION BY CAROLINA CHICKADEES (PARUS-CAROLINENSIS), 1994
LOHR, B; WEISMAN, R; NOWICKI, S, Behaviour. (1994) 130 pp. 1-15

Temporal patterning of within-song type and between-song type variation in song repertoires, 1994
Nowicki, S; Podos, J; Valdés, F, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (1994) 34 vol. (5); pp. 329-335

Complexity, coupling and contingency in birdsong, 1993
S. Nowicki & J. Podos, (1993) 10 pp. 159-186

Seasonal changes in vocalization during behavior of the Atlantic bottlenose dolphin, 1993
Jacobs, M; Nowacek, DP; Gerhart, DJ; Cannon, G; Nowicki, S; Forward, RB, Estuaries and Coasts. (1993) 16 vol. (2); pp. 241-246

Kinematics of birdsong: functional correlation of cranial movements and acoustic features in sparrows., 1993
Westneat, MW; Jr, JHL; Hoese, W; Nowicki, S, Journal of Experimental Biology. (1993) 182 pp. 147-171

IS THE TONAL QUALITY OF BIRDSONG LEARNED - EVIDENCE FROM SONG SPARROWS, 1992
NOWICKI, S; MARLER, P; MAYNARD, A; PETERS, S, Ethology. (1992) 90 vol. (3); pp. 225-235

THE ORGANIZATION OF SONG REPERTOIRES IN SONG SPARROWS - THEMES AND VARIATIONS, 1992
PODOS, J; PETERS, S; RUDNICKY, T; MARLER, P; NOWICKI, S, Ethology. (1992) 90 vol. (2); pp. 89-106

SONG SPARROWS LEARN FROM LIMITED EXPOSURE TO SONG MODELS, 1992
PETERS, S; MARLER, P; NOWICKI, S, The Condor (BioOne). (1992) 94 vol. (4); pp. 1016-1019

Birdsong: motor function and the evolution of communication, 1992
Nowicki, S; Westneat, M; Hoese, W, Seminars in Neuroscience. (1992) 4 vol. (6); pp. 385-390

PITCH PRODUCTION IN CAROLINA CHICKADEE SONGS, 1991
LOHR, B; NOWICKI, S; WEISMAN, R, The Condor (BioOne). (1991) 93 vol. (1); pp. 197-199

FLIGHT SONGS OF SWAMP SPARROWS - ALTERNATIVE PHONOLOGY OF AN ALTERNATIVE SONG CATEGORY, 1991
NOWICKI, S; HUGHES, M; MARLER, P, The Condor (BioOne). (1991) 93 vol. (1); pp. 1-11

PITCH PRODUCTION AND PERCEPTION IN CAROLINA CHICKADEE SONGS, 0, 1991
LOHR, B; NOWICKI, S; WEISMAN, R, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 31 vol. (5); pp. A97-A97

SONGTYPES IN SONG SPARROWS - APPLICATION OF NUMERICAL TAXONOMY TO THE STUDY OF SONG REPERTOIRE ORGANIZATION, 0, 1991
PODOS, J; NOWICKI, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 31 vol. (5); pp. A50-A50

BIRDSONG - MULTIPLE MOTOR PATTERNS IN THE PRODUCTION OF STEREOTYPIC BEHAVIORS, 0, 1991
NOWICKI, S; PETERS, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 31 vol. (5); pp. A65-A65

KINEMATICS OF BIRDSONG IN SPARROWS - FUNCTIONAL CORRELATES OF BEAK AND HEAD MOTION, 0, 1991
WESTNEAT, M; LONG, JH; HOESE, W; NOWICKI, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 31 vol. (5); pp. A65-A65

Assessment of song quality in photorefractory and photosensitive song sparrows, 1990
Ball, GF; Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. (1990) 40 vol. (5); pp. 986-987

Defining natural categories in acoustic signals: Comparison of three methods applied to 'chick-a-dee' call notes, 1990
Nowicki, S; Nelson, DA, Ethology. (1990) 86 pp. 89-101

SONG ACQUISITION AND LEARNING FROM PURE TONAL AND HARMONIC MODELS IN A SPARROW, 0, 1990
NOWICKI, S; PETERS, S; MAYNARD, A; MARLER, P, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 30 vol. (4); pp. A11-A11

Vocal plasticity in captive black-capped chickadees: the acoustic basis and rate of call convergence, 0, 1989
Nowicki, S, Animal Behaviour. 37 vol. (PART 1); pp. 74-89

Vocal plasticity in captive black-capped chickadees: The acoustic basis and rate of call convergence, 1989
Nowicki, S, Anim. Behav.. (1989) 37 vol. (PART 1); pp. 64-73

The communicative significance of tonality in birdsong: Responses to songs produced in helium, 1989
Nowicki, S; Mitani, JC; Nelson, DA; Marler, P, Bioacoustics. (1989) 2 pp. 35-46

Testosterone induction of song in photosensitive and photorefractory male sparrows, 1989
Nowicki, S; Ball, GF, Hormones and Behavior. (1989) 23 vol. (4); pp. 514-525

REASSESSMENT OF PERIPHERAL AND NEURAL SIMILARITIES AND DISSIMILARITIES IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIRDSONG AND HUMAN SPEECH, 0, 1989
NOWICKI, S, Integrative and Comparative Biology. 29 vol. (4); pp. A13-A13

How do birds sing?, 1988
Nowicki, S; Marler, P, Music Perception. (1988) 5 pp. 391-426

Vocal tract resonances in oscine bird sound production: Evidence from birdsongs in a helium atmosphere, 1987
Nowicki, S, Nature. (1987) 325 vol. (6099); pp. 53-55

Bilateral syringeal interaction in vocal production of an oscine bird sound, 1986
Nowicki, S; Capranica, RR, Science. (1986) 231 vol. (4743); pp. 1297-1299

Bilateral syringeal coupling during phonation of a songbird, 1986
Nowicki, S; Capranica, RR, Journal of Neuroscience. (1986) 6 vol. (12); pp. 3595-3610

Spider, 1985
S. Nowicki, (1985) pp. 410-412

A question of identity: the call of the black-capped chickadee, 1984
Nowicki, S, Living Bird Quart.. (1984) 3 vol. (1); pp. 30

Chemical defense of a rove beetle (Creophilus maxillosus), 1983
Jefson, M; Meinwald, J; Nowicki, S; Hicks, K; Eisner, T, Journal of Chemical Ecology. (1983) 9 vol. (1); pp. 159-180

Predatory capture of toads by fly larvae, 1983
Jackman, R; Nowicki, S; Aneshansley, DJ; Eisner, T, Science. (1983) 222 vol. (4623); pp. 515-516

Predatory capture of bombardier beetles by a tabanid fly larva, 1983
Nowicki, S; Eisner, T, Psyche. (1983) 90 pp. 119-122

Spider web protection through visual advertisement: Role of the stabilimentum, 1983
Eisner, T; Nowicki, S, Science. (1983) 219 vol. (4581); pp. 185-186

Flock-specific recognition of chickadee calls, 1983
Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (1983) 12 vol. (4); pp. 317-320

Insect repellents from vetiver oil: I. zizanal and epizizanal, 1982
Jain, SC; Nowicki, S; Eisner, T; Meinwald, J, Tetrahedron Letters. (1982) 23 vol. (45); pp. 4639-4642

Individual differences and within-flock convergence in chickadee calls, 1981
Mammen, DL; Nowicki, S, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. (1981) 9 vol. (3); pp. 179-186

Red cochineal dye (Carminic acid): Its role in nature, 1980
Eisner, T; Nowicki, S; Goetz, M; Meinwald, J, Science. (1980) 208 vol. (4447); pp. 1038-1040

Red cochineal dye (carminic acid): Its role in nature, 0, 1980
Eisner, T; Nowicki, S; Goetz, M; Meinwald, J, Science. 208 vol. (4447); pp. 1039-1042

Behavior of juvenile yellow-bellied marmots: Play and social integration, 1979
Nowicki, S; Armitage, KB, Z. Tierpsychol.. (1979) 51 pp. 85-105

Book Chapters:

Biology in , 2012
S. Nowicki

Biology in , 2008, 2012
S. Nowicki

The Evolution of Animal Communication: Reliability and Deception in Signaling Systems in , 2005
Searcy, W. A. & S. Nowicki

Biology: The Science of Life in , 2004
S. Nowicki

Papers Submitted

Perceptions of competence, strength, and age influence humans to select leaders with lower-pitched voices in Political Behavior 2014
Klofstad, C. A., R. C. Anderson & S. Nowicki

Awards

  • 2010 Elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science

  • 2010 AAAS Fellows, American Association for the Advancement of Science, The

  • 2006 Distinguished Scientist Lectureship, Trinity University

  • 2006 Klaus Immelmann Lectureship, Bielefeld University, Germany

  • 2005 Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow

  • 2005 Andrew D. White Graduate Fellowship, Cornell University

  • 2005 Duke University Research Council Awards

  • 2005 Henry Sage Graduate Fellowship, Cornell University

  • 2005 Irma T. Hirschl Foundation Career Scientist Award

  • 2005 Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust Fellowship

  • 2005 Robert B. Cox Trinity College Distinguished Teaching Award

  • 2005 U.S.P.H.S. Postdoctoral Research Fellowship

  • 2005 U.S.P.H.S. Predoctoral Research Fellowship

  • 1999 Bass Society of Fellows

  • 1999 John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship

  • 1999 Fellowship, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation

  • 1998 Elected Fellow, Animal Behavior Society

  • 1990 Kenneth Roeder Memorial Lectureship, Tufts University

  • 1990 Sloan Research Fellowship-Neuroscience, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

  • 1980 Sigma Xi, Cornell University

  • 1975 Phi Beta Kappa, Tufts University