Paul S. Manos

Jack H. Neely Professor of Biology

Office: 
330 Bio Sci Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
90338
Phone: 
(919) 660-7358
Fax: 
(919) 660-7372

Research Interests: 

My research emphasizes woody plants, especially the systematics of Fagaceae (the oak family), Juglandaceae (the walnut family), and related wind-pollinated families of flowering plants. I generally use DNA sequences to generate hypotheses of phylogenetic relationship for inferring morphological character evolution, analyzing patterns of biogeography, and revising classification. Students in my lab have studied the systematics and diversification of the following angiosperm families: Acanthaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Zingiberaceae, Rhamnaceae, Montiaceae, Humiriaceae, Solanaceae, Convolvulaceae, Piperaceae, and Dilleniaceae. Current research interests involve a range of evolutionary and ecological questions within the Fagaceae, especially the genus Quercus. In collaboration with Chuck Cannon and Sang-Hun Oh, we have reinterpreted cupule evolution in the Fagaceae and calibrated the phylogeny for the entire family. Another collaboration with Andrew Hipp, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, and Jeanne Romero-Severson seeks to integrate phylogenetic data with phenotypic traits and functional genes to explain species distributions in the oaks. Secondary research interests include genetic structure of tree species, phylogeny of neotropical tree communities, and the phylogeography of eastern North American species.

My research emphasizes woody plants,
especially the systematics of Fagaceae (the
oak family), Juglandaceae (the walnut family),
and related wind-pollinated families of
flowering plants. I generally use DNA sequences to generate hypotheses of phylogenetic
relationship for inferring morphological
character evolution, analyzing patterns of
biogeography, and revising classification. Students in my lab have studied the systematics and diversification of the following angiosperm families: Acanthaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Zingiberaceae, Rhamnaceae, Montiaceae, Humiriaceae, Solanaceae,
Convolvulaceae, Piperaceae, and
Dilleniaceae. Current research interests involve a range
of evolutionary and ecological questions
within the Fagaceae, especially the genus Quercus. In collaboration with
Chuck Cannon and Sang-Hun Oh, we have reinterpreted cupule evolution in the Fagaceae and calibrated the phylogeny for the entire family. Another collaboration with Andrew Hipp, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, and Jeanne Romero-Severson seeks to integrate phylogenetic data with phenotypic traits and functional genes to explain species distributions in the oaks. Secondary research interests include genetic
structure of tree species, phylogeny of neotropical tree communities, and the phylogeography of eastern North American species.

Education

  • Ph.D. 1992, Cornell University

  • M.S. 1986, Rutgers University

  • B.A. 1982, Drew University

Papers Published

Biogeographic analysis of the woody plants of the Southern Appalachians: Implications for the origins of a regional flora., 5, 2015
Manos, PS; Meireles, JE, American journal of botany. 102 vol. (5); pp. 780-804

Phylogeny and biogeography of the American live oaks (Quercus subsection Virentes): A genomic and population genetic approach, 0, 2015
Cavender-Bares, J., D. Eaton, A. Gonzalez-Rodriguez, A. Hipp, A. Beulke and P.S. Manos, Molecular Ecology.

A framework phylogeny of the American oak clade based on sequenced RAD data., 1, 2014
Hipp, AL; Eaton, DA; Cavender-Bares, J; Fitzek, E; Nipper, R; Manos, PS, PloS one. 9 vol. (4); pp. e93975

Limited hybridization across an edaphic disjunction between the gabbro-endemic shrub Ceanothus roderickii (Rhamnaceae) and the soil-generalist Ceanothus cuneatus., 9, 2013
Burge, DO; Hopkins, R; Tsai, YH; Manos, PS, American journal of botany. 100 vol. (9); pp. 1883-1895

Genomics of Fagaceae, 0, 2012
Kremer, A; Abbott, AG; Carlson, JE; Manos, PS; Plomion, C; Sisco, P; Staton, ME; Ueno, S; Vendramin, GG, Tree Genetics & Genomes. 8 vol. (3); pp. 583-610

Edaphic ecology and genetics of the gabbro-endemic shrub Ceanothus roderickii (Rhamnaceae)., 0, 2011
Burge, DO; Manos, PS, Madroño. 58 pp. 1-21

Diversification of Ceanothus (Rhamnaceae) in the California Floristic province, 0, 2011
Burge, DO; Erwin, DM; Islam, MB; Kellermann, J; Kembel, SW; Wilken, DH; Manos, PS, International Journal of Plant Sciences. 172 vol. (9); pp. 1137-1164

Host density drives the postglacial migration of the tree parasite, Epifagus virginiana., December, 2010
Tsai, YH; Manos, PS, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA. (December, 2010) 107 vol. (39); pp. 17035-17040

Natural history, distribution, phylogenetic relationships, and conservation of Central American black walnuts (Juglans sect. Rhysocaryon), 0, 2009
Stone, DE; Oh, SH; Tripp, EA; Luis, ERG; Manos, PS, Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 136 vol. (1); pp. 1-25

Is floral specialization an evolutionary dead-end? Pollination system transitions in Ruellia (Acanthaceae)., 7, 2008
Tripp, EA; Manos, PS, Evolution. 62 vol. (7); pp. 1712-1737

Hydraulic traits are influenced by phylogenetic history in the drought-resistant, invasive genus Juniperus (Cupressaceae)., 3, 2008
Willson, CJ; Manos, PS; Jackson, RB, American journal of botany. 95 vol. (3); pp. 299-314

Inferring long-distance dispersal and topographic barriers during post-glacial colonization from the genetic structure of red maple (Acer rubrum L.) in New England, 0, 2008
Gugger, PF; McLachlan, JS; Manos, PS; Clark, JS, Journal of Biogeography. 35 vol. (9); pp. 1665-1673

Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic status of the paleoendemic Fagaceae of western North America: recognition of a new genus Notholithocarpus., 0, 2008
Manos, PS; Cannon, CH; Oh, SH, Madroño. 55 pp. 181-190

Molecular phylogenetics and cupule evolution in Fagaceae as inferred from nuclear CRABS CLAW sequences, 0, 2008
Oh, SH; Manos, PS, Taxon. 57 vol. (2); pp. 434-451

Phylogeny of extant and fossil Juglandaceae inferred from the integration of molecular and morphological data sets., 6, 2007
Manos, PS; Soltis, PS; Soltis, DE; Manchester, SR; Oh, SH; Bell, CD; Dilcher, DL; Stone, DE, Systematic Biology (OUP). 56 vol. (3); pp. 412-430

Molecular phylogeny of Nyctaginaceae: taxonomy, biogeography, and characters associated with a radiation of xerophytic genera in North America., 5, 2007
Douglas, NA; Manos, PS, American journal of botany. 94 vol. (5); pp. 856-872

Nyctaginaceae phylogeny, classification, and characters associated with a radiation of xerophytic genera in North America, 0, 2007
Douglas, NA; Manos, PS, American Journal of Botany. 94 vol. (5); pp. 856-872

Comparative phylogeography of unglaciated eastern North America, 0, 2006
Soltis, DE; Morris, AB; McLachlan, JS; Manos, PS; Soltis, PS, Molecular Ecology. 15 vol. (14); pp. 4261-4293

Untangling Physalis (Solanaceae) from the physaloids: A two-gene phylogeny of the physalinae, 0, 2005
Whitson, M; Manos, PS, Systematic Botany. 30 vol. (1); pp. 216-230

Molecular indicators of tree migration capacity under rapid climate change, 0, 2005
McLachlan, JS; Clark, JS; Manos, PS, Ecology. 86 vol. (8); pp. 2088-2098

Nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence variation and evolution of spotted marsh-orchids (Dactylorhiza maculata group), 0, 2005
Devos, N; Oh, SH; Raspé, O; Jacquemart, AL; Manos, PS, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 36 vol. (3); pp. 568-580

Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the genus Platanus as inferred from nuclear and chloroplast DNA, 0, 2005
Feng, Y; Oh, SH; Manos, PS, Systematic Botany. 30 vol. (4); pp. 786-799

The phylogeny, evolution, and classification of the genus Globba and tribe Globbeae (Zingiberaceae): appendages do matter., 1, 2004
Williams, KJ; Kress, WJ; Manos, PS, American journal of botany. 91 vol. (1); pp. 100-114

Appendages do matter: the phylogeny, evolution, and classification of the genus Globba and tribe Globbeae (Zingiberaceae), 2004
Williams, KJ; Kress, WJ; Manos, PS, American Journal of Botany. (2004) 91 vol. (1); pp. 100-114

Systematics of Ipomoea subgenus Quamoclit (Convolvulaceae) based on its sequence data and a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis, 0, 2004
Miller, RE; McDonald, JA; Manos, PS, American journal of botany. 91 vol. (8); pp. 1208-1218

Phylogenetic relationships of the perianthless Piperales: Reconstructing the evolution of floral development, 2004
Jaramillo, MA; Manos, PS; Zimmer, EA, International Journal of Plant Sciences. (2004) 165 vol. (3); pp. 403-416

Phylogenetic relationships in Fagales based on DNA sequences from three genomes, 2004
Li, RQ; Chen, ZD; Lu, AM; Soltis, DE; Soltis, PS; Manos, PS, International Journal of Plant Sciences. (2004) 165 vol. (2); pp. 311-324

Biogeography of Exostema (Rubiaceae) in the Caribbean region in light of molecular phylogenetic analyses, 0, 2003
McDowell, T; Volovsek, M; Manos, P, Systematic Botany. 28 vol. (2); pp. 431-441

Phylogeography of the Southeast Asian stone oaks (Lithocarpus), 0, 2003
Cannon, CH; Manos, PS, Journal of Biogeography. 30 vol. (2); pp. 211-226

An examination of the monophyly of morning glory taxa using Bayesian phylogenetic inference., 10, 2002
Miller, RE; Buckley, TR; Manos, PS, Systematic Biology (OUP). 51 vol. (5); pp. 740-753

Application of Baysian phylogenetic inference to the systematics of morning glories, 0, 2002
Miller, RE; Buckley, TR; Manos, PS, Systematic Biology. 51 vol. (5); pp. 740-753

Phylogeny and patterns of floral diversity in the genus Piper (Piperaceae)., 4, 2001
Jaramillo, MA; Manos, PS, American journal of botany. 88 vol. (4); pp. 706-716

Molecular and morphological analyses of Bryopsis (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) from the western North Atlantic and Caribbean, 0, 2001
Krellwltz, EC; Kowallik, KV; Manos, PS, Phycologia. 40 vol. (4); pp. 330-339

Evolution, phylogeny, and systematics of the Juglandaceae, 0, 2001
Manos, PS; Stone, DE, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 88 vol. (2); pp. 231-269

The historical biogeography of Fagaceae: Tracking the tertiary history of temperate and subtropical forests of the Northern Hemisphere, 0, 2001
Manos, PS; Stanford, AM, International Journal of Plant Sciences. 162 vol. (6 SUPPL.); pp. S77-S93

Combining and comparing morphometric shape descriptors with a molecular phylogeny: the case of fruit type evolution in Bornean Lithocarpus (Fagaceae), 0, 2001
Cannon, CH; Manos, PS, Systematic Biology. 50 pp. 1-21

The biogeography of Fagaceae: tracking the Tertiary history of temperate and subtropical forests of the Northern Hemisphere, 0, 2001
Manos, PS; Stanford, AM, International Journal of Plant Sciences. 162 vol. (6 SUPPL.); pp. S77-S93

Progress in Northern Hemisphere phytogeography: An introduction, 0, 2001
Manos, PS; Donoghue, MJ, International Journal of Plant Sciences. 162 vol. (6 SUPPL.); pp. S1-S2

Systematics of Fagaceae: Phylogenetic tests of reproductive trait evolution, 0, 2001
Manos, PS; Zhou, ZK; Cannon, CH, International Journal of Plant Sciences. 162 vol. (6); pp. 1361-1379

Phylogenetic analysis of Ipomoea, Argyreia, Stictocardia, and Turbina suggests a generalized model of morphological evolution in morning glories, 0, 2001
Manos, PS; Miller, RE; Wilkin, P, Systematic Botany. 26 vol. (3); pp. 585-602

Fagales, 0, 2001
P.S. Manos,

The Bornean Lithocarpus Bl. section Synaedrys (Lindl.) Barnett (Fagaceae): Its circumscription and description of a new species, 0, 2000
Cannon, CH; Manos, PS, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 133 vol. (3); pp. 343-357

Phylogeny, biogeography, and processes of molecular differentiation in Quercus subgenus Quercus (Fagaceae)., 8, 1999
Manos, PS; Doyle, JJ; Nixon, KC, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 12 vol. (3); pp. 333-349

Phylogenetic systematics of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) based on ITS and Waxy sequences, 0, 1999
Miller, RE; Rausher, MD; Manos, PS, Systematic Botany. 24 vol. (2); pp. 209-227

Systematics of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae) based on rDNA spacer sequences (ITS): Taxonomic congruence with morphology and plastid sequences, 0, 1997
Manos, PS, American Journal of Botany. 84 vol. (8); pp. 1137-1155

Phylogenetic analyses of 'higher' Hamamelididae based on plastid sequence data, 0, 1997
Manos, PS; Steele, KP, American Journal of Botany. 84 vol. (10); pp. 1407-1419