Justin Prouty Wright

Associate Professor in the Department of Biology

Office: 
255 Biological Sciences, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
90338
Phone: 
(919) 613-8096
Fax: 
(919) 660-7293

Lab Site: http://www.biology.duke.edu/wrightlab/

Research Interests: 

My research focuses on understanding the causes and consequences of patterns of biological diversity across the planet. I am particularly interested in two broad questions: 1)How does the modification of the environment by organisms affect community structure and ecosystem function? and 2) what aspects of biodiversity matter most in the regulation of ecosystem function? While much of my research has focused on wetland plant communities, I am willing to study any organism and work in any ecosystem to answer the questions that interest me. I have worked in systems ranging from tropical streams to desert shrublands. My research program combines observational and experimental approaches with modeling to develop and test hypotheses and build towards synthetic ecological theory.

My research focuses on understanding the causes and consequences of patterns of biological diversity across the planet. I am particularly interested in two broad questions: 1)How does the modification of the environment by organisms affect community structure and ecosystem function? and 2) what aspects of biodiversity matter most in the regulation of ecosystem function? While much of my research has focused on wetland plant communities, I am willing to study any organism and work in any ecosystem to answer the questions that interest me. I have worked in systems ranging from tropical streams to desert shrublands. My research program combines observational and experimental approaches with modeling to develop and test hypotheses and build towards synthetic ecological theory.

Education

  • Ph.D. 2002, Cornell University

  • B.A. 1996, Williams College

Papers Published

Invasive species' leaf traits and dissimilarity from natives shape their impact on nitrogen cycling: a meta-analysis., 1, 2017
Lee, MR; Bernhardt, ES; van Bodegom, PM; Cornelissen, JHC; Kattge, J; Laughlin, DC; Niinemets, Ü; Peñuelas, J; Reich, PB; Yguel, B; Wright, JP, New Phytologist. 213 vol. (1); pp. 128-139

Contributions of microbial activity and ash deposition to post-fire nitrogen availability in a pine savanna, 0, 2017
Ficken, CD; Wright, JP, Biogeosciences. 14 vol. (1); pp. 241-255

Plant-soil feedbacks: a comparative study on the relative importance of soil feedbacks in the greenhouse versus the field, 6, 2016
Heinze, J; Sitte, M; Schindhelm, A; Wright, J; Joshi, J, Oecologia. 181 vol. (2); pp. 559-569

The more things change, the more they stay the same? When is trait variability important for stability of ecosystem function in a changing environment., 5, 2016
Wright, JP; Ames, GM; Mitchell, RM, Philosophical Transactions B. 371 vol. (1694);

Multiple environmental drivers structure plant traits at the community level in a pyrogenic ecosystem, 5, 2016
Ames, GM; Anderson, SM; Wright, JP, Functional Ecology. 30 vol. (5); pp. 789-798

Joint effects of nutrient addition and enemy exclusion on exotic plant success., 12, 2016
Heckman, RW; Wright, JP; Mitchell, CE, Ecology. 97 vol. (12); pp. 3337-3345

Intraspecific variability improves environmental matching, but does not increase ecological breadth along a wet-to-dry ecotone, 12, 2016
Mitchell, RM; Wright, JP; Ames, GM, Oikos.

Trait space of rare plants in a fire-dependent ecosystem., 11, 2016
Ames, GM; Wall, WA; Hohmann, MG; Wright, JP, Conservation Biology.

Variation in Plant Response to Herbivory Underscored by Functional Traits., 1, 2016
Reese, AT; Ames, GM; Wright, JP, PloS one. 11 vol. (12); pp. e0166714

Annual growth in longleaf (Pinus palustris) and pond pine (P. serotina) in the Sandhills of North Carolina is driven by interactions between fire and climate, 3, 2015
Ames, GM; Vineyard, DL; Anderson, SM; Wright, JP, Forest Ecology and Management. 340 pp. 1-8

Plant species' origin predicts dominance and response to nutrient enrichment and herbivores in global grasslands., 1, 2015
Seabloom, EW; Borer, ET; Buckley, YM; Cleland, EE; Davies, KF; Firn, J; Harpole, WS; Hautier, Y; Lind, EM; MacDougall, AS; Orrock, JL; Prober, SM; Adler, PB; Anderson, TM; Bakker, JD; Biederman, LA; Blumenthal, DM; Brown, CS; Brudvig, LA; Cadotte, M; Chu, C; Cottingham, KL; Crawley, MJ; Damschen, EI; Dantonio, CM; DeCrappeo, NM; Du, G; Fay, PA; Frater, P; Gruner, DS; Hagenah, N; Hector, A; Hillebrand, H; Hofmockel, KS; Humphries, HC; Jin, VL; Kay, A; Kirkman, KP; Klein, JA; Knops, JMH et al., Nature Communications. 6 pp. 7710

Urban stream denitrifier communities are linked to lower functional resistance to multiple stressors associated with urbanization, 3, 2014
Wang, SY; Bernhardt, ES; Wright, JP, Hydrobiologia. 726 vol. (1); pp. 13-23

Predicting invasion in grassland ecosystems: is exotic dominance the real embarrassment of richness?, 12, 2013
Seabloom, EW; Borer, ET; Buckley, Y; Cleland, EE; Davies, K; Firn, J; Harpole, WS; Hautier, Y; Lind, E; MacDougall, A; Orrock, JL; Prober, SM; Adler, P; Alberti, J; Anderson, TM; Bakker, JD; Biederman, LA; Blumenthal, D; Brown, CS; Brudvig, LA; Caldeira, M; Chu, C; Crawley, MJ; Daleo, P; Damschen, EI; D'Antonio, CM; DeCrappeo, NM; Dickman, CR; Du, G; Fay, PA; Frater, P; Gruner, DS; Hagenah, N; Hector, A; Helm, A; Hillebrand, H; Hofmockel, KS; Humphries, HC; Iribarne, O; Jin, VL; Kay, A et al., Global Change Biology. 19 vol. (12); pp. 3677-3687

Urban stream denitrifier communities are linked to lower functional resistance to multiple stressors associated with urbanization, 0, 2013
Wang, S-Y; Bernhardt, ES; Wright, JP, Hydrobiologia. pp. 1-11

Low concentrations of silver nanoparticles in biosolids cause adverse ecosystem responses under realistic field scenario., 0, 2013
Colman, BP; Arnaout, CL; Anciaux, S; Gunsch, CK; Hochella, MF; Kim, B; Lowry, GV; McGill, BM; Reinsch, BC; Richardson, CJ; Unrine, JM; Wright, JP; Yin, L; Bernhardt, ES, PloS one. 8 vol. (2); pp. e57189

Effects of Silver Nanoparticle Exposure on Germination and Early Growth of Eleven Wetland Plants, 0, 2012
Yin, L; Colman, BP; McGill, BM; Wright, JP; Bernhardt, ES, PloS one. 7 vol. (10); pp. e47674

Does the leaf economic spectrum hold within local species pools across varying environmental conditions?, 2012
Wright, JP; Sutton-Grier, A, Functional Ecology. (2012) 26 vol. (6); pp. 1390-1398

Testing links between bacterial community structure and stress resistance, 0, 2012
Wang, ; S, ; Wright, JP; Bernhardt, E, Ecosphere.

Climatic versus edaphic drivers of secondary succession rates across temperate latitudes of the Eastern U.S, 0, 2012
Fridley, J; Wright, J, Oecologia. 168 vol. (4); pp. 1069-1077

Different plant traits affect two pathways of riparian nitrogen removal in a restored freshwater wetland, 0, 2012
Sutton-Grier, AE; Wright, JP; Richardson, CJ, Plant and Soil. 365 vol. (1-2); pp. 1-17

Drivers of secondary succession rates across temperate latitudes of the Eastern USA: Climate, soils, and species pools, 0, 2012
Fridley, JD; Wright, JP, Oecologia. 168 vol. (4); pp. 1069-1077

Environmental conditions influence the plant functional diversity effect on potential denitrification., 2011
Sutton-Grier, AE; Wright, JP; McGill, BM; Richardson, C, PloS one. (2011) 6 vol. (2); pp. e16584

The putative niche requirements and landscape dynamics of Microstegium vimineum: An invasive Asian grass, 2011
II, RJW; Wright, JP; Bradford, MA, Biological Invasions. (2011) 13 vol. (2); pp. 471-483

Watershed urbanization alters the composition and function of stream bacterial communities., 2011
Wang, S-Y; Sudduth, EB; Wallenstein, MD; Wright, JP; Bernhardt, ES, PloS one. (2011) 6 vol. (8); pp. e22972

Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness, 2011
Adler, PB; Seabloom, EW; Borer, ET; Hillebrand, H; Hautier, Y; Hector, A; Harpole, WS; O'Halloran, LR; Grace, JB; Anderson, TM; Bakker, JD; Biederman, LA; Brown, CS; Buckley, YM; Calabrese, LB; Chu, C-J; Cleland, EE; Collins, SL; Cottingham, KL; Crawley, MJ; Damschen, EI; Davies, KF; DeCrappeo, NM; Fay, PA; Firn, J; Frater, P; Gasarch, EI; Gruner, DS; Hagenah, N; Lambers, JHR; Humphries, H; Jin, VL; Kay, AD; Kirkman, KP; Klein, JA; Knops, JMH; Pierre, KJL; Lambrinos, JG; Li, W; MacDougall, AS et al., Science. (2011) 333 vol. (6050); pp. 1750-1753

Dynamic interactions of life and its landscape: Feedbacks at the interface of geomorphology and ecology, 0, 2010
Reinhardt, L; Jerolmack, D; Cardinale, BJ; Vanacker, V; Wright, J, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 35 vol. (1); pp. 78-101

Plant trait diversity buffers variability in denitrification potential over changes in season and soil conditions, 0, 2010
McGill, BM; Sutton-Grier, AE; Wright, JP, PloS one. 5 vol. (7); pp. e11618

Ecosystem engineers maintain rare species and increase biodiversity, 2010
Bartel, RA; Haddad, NM; Wright, JP, Oikos. (2010) 119 vol. (5); pp. 883-890

Dynamic Interactions of Life and its Landscape: a new paradigm to advance contemporary issues, 2010
Reinhardt, L; Cardinale, B; Earl, S; Vaneker, V; Wright, J, Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. (2010) 35 pp. 78-101

Biogeographic synthesis of secondary succession rates in eastern North America, 2010
Wright, JP; Fridley, JD, Journal of Biogeography. (2010) 37 vol. (8); pp. 1584-1596

Ecosystem engineers maintain a rare species of butterfly and increase plant diversity, 0, 2010
Bartel, RA; Haddad, NM; Wright, JP, Oikos. 119 vol. (5); pp. 883-890

Linking populations to landscapes: richness scenarios resulting from changes in the dynamics of an ecosystem engineer., 12, 2009
Wright, JP, Ecology. 90 vol. (12); pp. 3418-3429

Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of ecosystems: A summary of 164 experimental manipulations of species richness, 0, 2009
Cardinale, B; Srivastava, D; Duffy, J; Wright, J; Downing, A; Sankaran, M; Jouseau, C; Cadotte, M; Carroll, I; Weis, J; Hector, A; Loreau, M, Ecology. 90 pp. 854

Diversity has stronger top-down than bottom-up effects on decomposition, 0, 2009
Srivastava, DS; Cardinale, BJ; Downing, AL; Duffy, JE; Jouseau, C; Sankaran, M; Wright, JP, Ecology. 90 vol. (4); pp. 1073-1083

Biodiversity scenarios resulting from changes in the population dynamics of an ecosystem engineer, the beaver, 0, 2009
Wright, J, Ecology. 90

Impacts of plant diversity on biomass production increase through time because of species complementarity, 0, 2007
Cardinale, BJ; Wright, JP; Cadotte, MW; Carroll, IT; Hector, A; Srivastava, DS; Loreau, M; Weis, JJ, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA. 104 vol. (46); pp. 18123-18128

11 Community responses to environmental change: Results of Lotka-Volterra community theory, 0, 2007
Wilson, WG; Wright, JP, Theoretical Ecology Series. 4 vol. (C); pp. 211-227

The concept of organisms as ecosystem engineers ten years on: Progress, limitations, and challenges, 0, 2006
Wright, JP; Jones, CG, BioScience (BioOne). 56 vol. (3); pp. 203-209

Assessing impacts of ecosystem engineers on community organization: effects of the high-Andean cushion plant Azorella monantha, 0, 2006
Badano, EI; Jones, CG; Cavieres, LA; Wright, JP, Oikos. 115 vol. (2); pp. 369-385

Consistent effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems, 0, 2006
Cardinale, B; Srivastiva, D; Duffy, E; Wright, J; Downing, A; Sankaranan, M; Jouseau, C, Nature. 443 vol. (7114); pp. 989-992

Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems, 0, 2006
Cardinale, BJ; Srivastava, DS; Duffy, JE; Wright, JP; Downing, AL; Sankaran, M; Jouseau, C, Nature. 443 vol. (7114); pp. 989-992

Conventional functional classification schemes underestimate the relationship with ecosystem functioning, 2006
Wright, JP; Naeem, S; Hector, A; Lehman, C; Reich, PB; Schmid, B; Tilman, D, Ecology Letters. (2006) 9 vol. (2); pp. 111-120

Assessing impacts of ecosystem engineers on community organization: A general approach illustrated by effects of a high-Andean cushion plant, 0, 2006
Badano, EI; Jones, CG; Cavieres, LA; Wright, JP, Oikos. 115 vol. (2); pp. 369-385

Predictability of ecosystem engineering effects on species richness across environmental variability and spatial scales, 0, 2006
Wright, JP; Jones, CG; Boeken, B; Shachak, M, Journal of Ecology. 94 vol. (4); pp. 815-824

Predicting effects of ecosystem engineers on patch-scale species richness from primary productivity, 0, 2004
Wright, JP; Jones, CG, Ecology. 85 vol. (8); pp. 2071-2081

Patch dynamics in an engineered landscape, 0, 2004
Wright, JP; Gurney, WSC; Jones, CG, Oikos. 105 vol. (2); pp. 336-348

The role of large woody debris in maintaining fish diversity in a Venezuelan piedmont stream, 0, 2004
Wright, JP; Flecker, AS, Biological Conservation. 120 vol. (3); pp. 443-451

Patch dynamics in a landscape modified by ecosystem engineers, 0, 2004
Wright, JP; Gurney, WSC; Jones, CG, Oikos. 105 vol. (2); pp. 336-348

Deforesting the riverscape: The effects of wood on fish diversity in a Venezuelan piedmont stream, 0, 2004
Wright, JP; Flecker, AS, Biological Conservation. 120 vol. (3); pp. 443-451

Disentangling biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning: deriving solutions to a seemingly insurmountable problem, 2003
Naeem, S; Wright, JP, Ecology Letters. (2003) 6 vol. (6); pp. 569-579

Local vs. landscape controls on plant species richness in beaver meadows, 0, 2003
Wright, JP; Flecker, AS; Jones, CG, Ecology. 84 vol. (12); pp. 3162-3173

Disentangling biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning: Deriving solutions to a seemingly insurmountable problem, 0, 2003
Naeem, S; Wright, JP, Ecology Letters. 6 vol. (6); pp. 567-579

An ecosystem engineer, the beaver, increases species richness at the landscape scale, 2002
Wright, JP; Jones, CG; Flecker, AS, Oecologia. (2002) 132 vol. (1); pp. 96-101

Book Chapters:

Managed ecosystems: Biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use in Biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and human well-being: An ecological and economic perspective, 2009
Jackson, L; Rosenstock, T; Thomas, M; Wright, J; Symstad, A

Restoring biodiversity and ecosystem function: Will an integrated approach improve results? in Biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and human well-being: An ecological and economic perspective, 7, 2009
Wright, J; Symstad, A; Bullock, JM; Engelhardt, K; Jackson, L; Bernhardt, E

Predicting the ecosystem consequences of biodiversity loss: the BioMERGE framework in Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World., 2007
Naeem, S., R. Colwell, S. Díaz, J. Hughes, C. Jouseau, S. Lavorel, P. Morin, O. Petchey, J. Wright

Community Responses to Environmental Change: in Ecosystem Engineers: Plants to Protists, 2007
Wilson, W.G. and J. Wright

The Beaver: Natural History of a Wetlands Engineer in , 0, 2004
Wright, J.P.

The Role of Modeling in Undergraduate Education in Models in Ecosystem Science, 2003
Ewing, H., K. Hogan, F. Keesing, H. Bugmann, A. Berkowitz, L. Gross, J. Oris, and J. Wright

Papers Submitted

Herbivores and nutrients control grassland plant diversity via light limitation. in Nature 4, 2014
Borer, ET; Seabloom, EW; Gruner, DS; Harpole, WS; Hillebrand, H; Lind, EM; Adler, PB; Alberti, J; Anderson, TM; Bakker, JD; Biederman, L; Blumenthal, D; Brown, CS; Brudvig, LA; Buckley, YM; Cadotte, M; Chu, C; Cleland, EE; Crawley, MJ; Daleo, P; Damschen, EI; Davies, KF; DeCrappeo, NM; Du, G; Firn, J; Hautier, Y; Heckman, RW; Hector, A; HilleRisLambers, J; Iribarne, O; Klein, JA; Knops, JMH; La Pierre, KJ; Leakey, ADB; Li, W; MacDougall, AS; McCulley, RL; Melbourne, BA; Mitchell, CE; Moore, JL et al.

Environmental drivers of community composition and trait variability depend on the scale of observation in Functional Ecology 0, 2013
Ames, G. and J. Wright

Soil moisture and fire history influence nutrient availability and productivity in a longleaf pine savannah in Soil Biology and Biochemistry 0, 2013
Ficken, C.D.*, G.M. Ames, S.M. Anderson, and J.P. Wright

Competitor context, not density, mediates invader’s impacts on soil moisture and nitrogen in Oecologia 0, 2013
Lee, M.R. and J. Wright

The origin of species determines response to nutrient additions and dominance in grassland ecosystems in PNAS 0, 2013
E. Seabloom, E.T.Borer, Y. Buckley, W.E. Cleland, K.Davies, J. Firn, S. Harpole, Y.Hautier, E.Lind, A. MacDougall, J.L. Orrock, S.M. Prober, P. Adler, T.M. Anderson, J.D. Bakker, L.A. Biederman, D. Blumenthal, C.S. Brown, L.A. Brudvig, C. Chu, M.J. Crawley, E.I. Damschen, C.M. D’Antonio, N.M. DeCrappeo, G. Du, P.A. Fay, P. Frater, D.S. Gruner, N.Hagenah, A. Hector, H. Hillebrand, K.S. Hofmockel, H.C. Humphries, V.L. Jin, A. Kay, K.P. Kirkman, J.A. Klein, J.M.H. Knops, K.J. LaPierre, J.G. Lambrinos, A.D.B. Leakey, Q. Li, W. Li, R. McCulley, B. Melbourne, C.E. Mitchell, J.L. Moore, J. Morgan, B. Mortensen, DA. Pyke, A.C. Risch, M. Schuetz, M.Smith, C. Stevens, L.Sullivan, E.Wolkovich, P.D. Wragg, J.Wright, L.Yang

Annual growth in a pine savanna is driven by interactions between fire and climate. in Forest Ecology and Research 0, 2013
Vineyard, D.L., Ames, G.M., Anderson, S.M., and J.P. Wright

Neighborhood-scale plant trait variability within and between species responds to neighbor density and identity in Plant Ecology 2013
McGill, B; Wright, J