James F. Reynolds

Professor Emeritus

130 Science Dr., Biological Sciences Bldg., Rm 137-BOX 90338, Durham, NC 27708
Campus Box: 
Duke Box 90338, Durham, NC 27708-0338
(919) 660-7404
Integrated assessment of complex human-environmental systems; Land degradation and desertification in global drylands; Conceptual frameworks and models to advance the science of dryland development


  • Ph.D., New Mexico State University 1974

Maestre, FT, and Reynolds, JF. "Soil heterogeneity modulates responses to multiple global environmental changes in model grassland communities." In Microcosms: Ecology, Biological Implications and Environmental Impact, 29-58. March 1, 2013.

Reynolds, JF. "Desertification." In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition, 479-494. January 1, 2013. Full Text

Maestre, FT, Reynolds, JF, Huber-Sannwald, E, Herrick, J, and Stafford Smith, M. "Understanding global desertification: Biophysical and socioeconomic dimensions of hydrology." In Dryland Ecohydrology, 315-332. January 1, 2006. Full Text

Ye, J-S, Reynolds, JF, Maestre, FT, and Li, F-M. "Hydrological and ecological responses of ecosystems to extreme precipitation regimes: A test of empirical-based hypotheses with an ecosystem model." Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 22 (October 2016): 36-46. Full Text

Abbott, BW, Jones, JB, Schuur, EAG, Chapin III, FS, Bowden, WB, Bret-Harte, MS, Epstein, HE, Flannigan, MD, Harms, TK, Hollingsworth, TN, Mack, MC, McGuire, AD, Natali, SM, Rocha, AV, Tank, SE, Turetsky, MR, Vonk, JE, Wickland, KP, Aiken, GR, Alexander, HD, Amon, RMW, Benscoter, BW, Bergeron, Y, Bishop, K, Blarquez, O, Ben Bond-Lamberty, , Breen, AL, Buffam, I, Cai, Y, Carcaillet, C, Carey, SK, Chen, JM, Chen, HYH, Christensen, TR, Cooper, LW, Cornelissen, JHC, de Groot, WJ, and DeLuca, TH et al. "Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire: an expert assessment." Environmental Research Letters 11, no. 3 (March 1, 2016): 034014-034014. Full Text

Marchesini, VA, Fernández, RJ, Reynolds, JF, Sobrino, JA, and Di Bella, CM. "Changes in evapotranspiration and phenology as consequences of shrub removal in dry forests of central Argentina." Ecohydrology 8, no. 7 (October 2015): 1304-1311. Full Text

Chillo, V, Ojeda, RA, Anand, M, and Reynolds, JF. "A novel approach to assess livestock management effects on biodiversity of drylands." Ecological Indicators 50 (March 2015): 69-78. Full Text

García-Palacios, P, Maestre, FT, Bradford, MA, and Reynolds, JF. "Earthworms modify plant biomass and nitrogen capture under conditions of soil nutrient heterogeneity and elevated atmospheric CO 2 concentrations." Soil Biology and Biochemistry 78 (November 2014): 182-188. Full Text

Bradford, MA, Wood, SA, Maestre, FT, Reynolds, JF, and Warren, RJ. "Contingency in ecosystem but not plant community response to multiple global change factors." New Phytologist 196, no. 2 (2012): 462-471. Full Text

Eldridge, DJ, Bowker, MA, Maestre, FT, Roger, E, Reynolds, JF, and Whitford, WG. "Impacts of shrub encroachment on ecosystem structure and functioning: Towards a global synthesis." Ecology Letters 14, no. 7 (2011): 709-722. Full Text

Verstraete, MM, Hutchinson, CF, Grainger, A, Smith, MS, Scholes, RJ, Reynolds, JF, Barbosa, P, Léon, A, and Mbow, C. "Towards a global drylands observing system: Observational requirements and institutional solutions." Land Degradation and Development 22, no. 2 (2011): 198-213. Full Text


Selected Grants

ARIDnet: A Research Network for Testing New Paradigms for Global Desertification awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2003 to 2010

Collaborative Research: Responses of Productivity and Nutrient Dynamics to Elevated CO2 in an Intact Mojave Desert awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2002 to 2006

Phytotron Operations: 2000 - 2004 awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1995 to 2004

Long-term ecosystem dynamics in a semiarid rangeland: Analysis of historical USDA data (l9l5-l999) awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 2000 to 2004

Effects of Precipitation Variability and Desertification on Water Dynamics in Arid Lands: A Patch and Landscape Modeling awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Principal Investigator). 2000 to 2003

Decision Aids for Ecosystem Conservation awarded by Department of Agriculture (Principal Investigator). 1998 to 2003

Workshop Proposal: An Integrated Assessment of the Ecological, Meteorological, and Human Dimensions of Global Desertific awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 2001 to 2002

LTER: The Chihuahuan Desert (The Jornada LTER III Consortium) awarded by National Science Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 1998 to 2001

(98-0705) Workshop Proposal: How Much Physiology is Needed in Forest Gap Models to Simulate Long-term Vegetation Respons awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator). 1998 to 2001