Daniel P. Kiehart

Professor of Biology

Office: 
4330 French Family Science Center, Science Drive, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0338
Campus Box: 
Box 90338, Dept. Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-1000
Phone: 
(919) 613-8157
Our intellectual focus is on identifying determinants of cell shape that function during development. Utilizing molecular genetic and reverse genetic approaches in Drosophila, we have shown that conventional nonmuscle myosin is necessary for driving both cell division and post-mitotic cell shape changes for morphogenesis, and cellular locomotions. Currently, we are investigating how myosin elicits cell shape change and how its function is regulated through filament formation, phosphorylation, sub-cellular targeting and small GTP-binding protein function. We are characterizing myosin light chain kinase; a novel myosin VII heavy chain; and additional elements that participate in localizing myosin and transmitting the forces that it produces. We used screens for aberrant cell shape induced in the yeast S. pombe by expression of transfected Drosophila cDNAs. These experiments show that elements that define cell shape are conserved throughout phylogeny and that a screen in yeast is a valuable tool for recovering heterologous cDNAs that encode cytoskeletal elements and the proteins that regulate them. In fly, we are identifying gene products that are necessary for myosin function by genetically recovering second site non-complementing loci and biochemically recovering proteins that bind to myosin. To date, our experiments identify ~30 loci that genetically interact with myosin and a kinase activity that phosphorylates myosin heavy chain and establish genetically, that the Rho signalling pathway is required in concert with nonmuscle myosin II for morphogenesis. We are also using manipulation studies to understand the forces that drive cellularization and morphogenesis. We show that both the amnioserosa and the leading edge of the lateral epidermis contribute to the movements of dorsal closure. Finally, we are examining the role these proteins play in movements that occur during wound healing.

Education

  • Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 1979

  • B.A., University of Pennsylvania 1973

Roh-Johnson, M, Shemer, G, Higgins, CD, McClellan, JH, Werts, AD, Tulu, US, Gao, L, Betzig, E, Kiehart, DP, and Goldstein, B. "Triggering a cell shape change by exploiting preexisting actomyosin contractions." Science 335, no. 6073 (March 9, 2012): 1232-1235. Full Text

Sokolow, A, Toyama, Y, Kiehart, DP, and Edwards, GS. "Cell ingression and apical shape oscillations during dorsal closure in Drosophila." Biophys J 102, no. 5 (March 7, 2012): 969-979. Full Text

Boyle, MJ, French, RL, Cosand, KA, Dorman, JB, Kiehart, DP, and Berg, CA. "Division of labor: subsets of dorsal-appendage-forming cells control the shape of the entire tube." Dev Biol 346, no. 1 (October 1, 2010): 68-79. Full Text

Franke, JD, Montague, RA, and Kiehart, DP. "Nonmuscle myosin II is required for cell proliferation, cell sheet adhesion and wing hair morphology during wing morphogenesis." Dev Biol 345, no. 2 (September 15, 2010): 117-132. Full Text

Layton, AT, Toyama, Y, Yang, G-Q, Edwards, GS, Kiehart, DP, and Venakides, S. "Drosophila morphogenesis: tissue force laws and the modeling of dorsal closure." HFSP J 3, no. 6 (December 2009): 441-460. Full Text

Toyama, Y, Peralta, XG, Wells, AR, Kiehart, DP, and Edwards, GS. "Apoptotic force and tissue dynamics during Drosophila embryogenesis." Science 321, no. 5896 (September 19, 2008): 1683-1686. Full Text

Rodriguez-Diaz, A, Toyama, Y, Abravanel, DL, Wiemann, JM, Wells, AR, Tulu, US, Edwards, GS, and Kiehart, DP. "Actomyosin purse strings: renewable resources that make morphogenesis robust and resilient." HFSP J 2, no. 4 (August 2008): 220-237. Full Text

Todi, SV, Sivan-Loukianova, E, Jacobs, JS, Kiehart, DP, and Eberl, DF. "Myosin VIIA, important for human auditory function, is necessary for Drosophila auditory organ development. (Published online)" PLoS One 3, no. 5 (May 7, 2008): e2115-. Full Text Open Access Copy

Peralta, XG, Toyama, Y, Kiehart, DP, and Edwards, GS. "Emergent properties during dorsal closure in Drosophila morphogenesis. (Published online)" Phys Biol 5, no. 1 (April 10, 2008): 015004-. Full Text

Peralta, XG, Toyama, Y, Kiehart, DP, and Edwards, GS. "Emergent properties during dorsal closure in Drosophila morphogenesis." Physical Biology 5, no. 1 (2008): 15004-. (Academic Article)

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