Links and References
Boersma, P. D. and J.K. Parrish. 1999. Limiting Abuse: Marine Protected Areas, A Limited Solution. Ecological Economics. 31(2). pp. 287-304.
Boesch, D.F., R.H. Burroughs, J.E. Baker, R. P. Mason,
C. L. Rowe, and R.L. Siefert. 2001. Marine
Pollution in the United States. Pew Ocean Commission.
Cod Commercial Hook Fishermen's Association. Annual Report 2002.
Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources. 2001. Marine Protected Areas: Tools for Sustaining Ocean Ecosystem. Retrieved 4/8/02.
Djohani, Rili. Presentation on March 8, 2002. Toward an Effective Network of MPAs: Building Local Capacity and Financing Mechanisms (Indonesia). Sustaining Seascapes Conference. American Museum of Natural History. Center for Biodiversity and Conservation.
Eythorsson, Einar. A decade of ITQ-management in Icelandic fisheries: consolidation without consensus. Marine Policy 24. 2000
Food and Agriculture Organization. Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Retrieved 4/12/02
Food and Agriculture Organization, Fishery Resources Division, and Fishery Policy and Planning Division. Fisheries management. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 4. Rome, FAO. 1997. Retrieved 4/12/02
Florida Oceanographic Society. Seagrass. Retrieved 4/15/02
Coral Reef Monitoring Network. Retrieved 4/15/02
Marine Protected Areas of the United States. What is a Marine Protected Area? Retrieved 4/1/02
Marine Conservation Biology Institute. American Oceans Campaign. February 2, 2002. Fact Sheet: A description of Bottom Trawl Gear.
Marine Conservation Biology Institute. Seafloor Destruction: Cause and Effect. Retrieved 4/15/02
McIntyre, A.D. 1995. Human Impacts on the Oceans: The 1990s and Beyond. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 31, 147-151.
Mitsch, W. and J. Gosselink. 2000. Wetlands. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York.
Monterey Bay Aquarium. Fisheries in Trouble-Bycatch. Retrieved on 3/6/02
National Audubon Society. Living Oceans Campaign. Fact Sheet- Save the Albatross Campaign: Keeping Seabirds off the Hook in the North Pacific Ocean.
National Research Council. Ocean Science Board. Sharing the Fish: Toward a National Policy on Individual Fishing Quotas. National Academy Press. Washington D.C. 1999
NOAA, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
- National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service. 1999. Our Living Oceans. Report on the status of U.S. living marine resources, 1999. U.S. Dep. Commerce, NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-41, on-line version, http://spo.nwr.noaa.gov/fa1.pdf Retrieved 3/25/02
NOAA Office of Protected Resources. Coral Reefs: Critical Biodiversity and Fisheries Resource. Retrieved 4/18/02
The Ocean Conservancy. The Major Types of Marine Pollution. April 3, 2002.
Pauly, D., V. Christensen, J. Dalsgaard, R. Froese, and Torres Jr., F. 1998. Fishing Down Marine Food Webs. Science. 279(6). 860-863.
Public Law 104-297. Sustainable Fisheries Act. 16 USC 1801. Retrieved 4/17/02
Rose, George A. The Trouble with Fisheries Science! Fish Biology and Fisheries 7, 365-370. 1997
Thebaud, Olivier. Transboundary marine fisheries management. Recent developments and elements of analysis. Marine Policy, Vol. 21, No. 3. 1997
United Nations, Division for Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea, The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (a historical perspective). Retrieved 4/12/02
United Nations, Division for Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea, The United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks. Retrieved 4/12/02
USGCRP, United States Global Change Research Program. Status and Health of Marine Ecosystems, Fisheries, and Habitat: The Road Ahead. USGCRP Seminar, 17 February 1999. Updated 4/18/02. Retrieved 3/25/02
UNEP/WCMC. World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Protected Areas Programme. World Heritage Sites.
Watling, L. and E. Norse. 1998. Disturbance of the Seabed by Mobile Fishing Gear: A Comparison to Forest Clearcutting. Conservation Biology. 12(6). pp. 1180-1197.
World Resources Institute. Fish Consumption and Aquatic Ecosystems. Retrieved on 3/6/02
World Wildlife Fund. Living Planet Report. Retrieved on 3/6/02